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A STUDY OF SPIRIT

A STUDY OF SPIRIT

INTRODUCTION

The study of spirit  is a very complex one. I have divided the topic into categories and sub-categories.   For example,  as the reader will see, I have divided the section on the Holy Spirit into five sub-categories. By doing so I believe it will help the reader to come to a much clearer concept of the Holy Spirit.

Appendices II and III given at the end of this study lists, in order,  all the occurrences of the Hebrew and Greek words translated “spirit”.  After each verse I have indicated the category into which I believe it fits. That way if the reader has a particular verse he or she would like to consider it will be easier to find it in the body of the paper.  I do recommend however, that  the comments on the category as a whole be read, as it will, I hope, explain each category more completely.

With those things in mind, I believe we may begin this very rich and very complicated and very rewarding study of “spirit”.

This paper will consider the following topics:

I) God as spirit

A) Spirit

B) God

II) The Holy Spirit

A. One of the Offices of Jehovah

B. Holy Spirit as Creator

C) Holy Spirit as Comforter and Teacher

D) Holy as the Doer

E) The Giver of the Word of God and Prophecy

III) Power from the Holy Spirit

IV) The New Nature

V) The Spirit of Man

A). The Spirit That Gives Life

B) The Spirit That is The Psychology of Man

VI) Spirit as Opposed to Flesh

VII) Spirit as a driving force

VIII) “Spirit” Used as a Figure of Speech for a Person’s Life

IX)) Spirit Beings

X) “Another Spirit”

XII) Unclean of Evil Spirits

XII) Spirit of Antichrist

APPENDIX I. Where Ruach Is translated “Wind” or “Side”

APPENDIX II. All Occurrences of “Ruach” Except Where It Is Translated “Wind” or “Wide”

APPENDIX III. All Occurrences Of “Pneuma”

I) “God is Spirit”

A) Spirit

We read in Jn. 4:24 that, “God is spirit”. Let us first define the word “spirit”. The Hebrew word translated “spirit” is “ruach”. Dr. E. W. Bullinger has written a very helpful Appendix in his Companion Bible on this word and I will quote from that Appendix. “The meaning of the word is to be deduced only from its usage. The one root idea running through all the passages is invisible force. As this force may be execrated in varying forms, and may be manifested in divers ways, so various renderings are necessitated corresponding thereto. Ruach, in whatever sense it is used, always represents that which is invisible except by its manifestations. These are seen both externally to man, as well as internally within in man.”

There are relatively few verses in the Bible that speak of Jehovah, which is God’s name, (see Is. 42:18)  as spirit. Let us consider all those verses.

Ps. 33:6a, “By the word of Jehovah were the heavens made… .” We read in Gen. 1:1 that “Elohim created the heaven and the earth”. But in Ps. 33:6a we read that Jehovah created the heavens, i.e.  “by the word of Jehovah were the heavens made”. There is, of course, no contradiction. “Elohim” is Jehovah in His office of Creator. In other words, even when we read of Elohim creating, it is actually Jehovah in His office of Creator about Whom we are reading. Therefore, I believe that the first part of this verse refers to Jehovah, i.e. Jehovah made the heavens. “Word” in the phrase “by the word of Jehovah” is used as a figure of speech Metonymy of Adjunct where something pertaining to the subject is put for the subject itself. In this case, “word” is put for Jehovah, Which is the Subject.

Ps. 51:11, “Cast me not away from Thy presence, and take not Thy Holy Spirit from me”. One might be tempted to assume that “Thy Holy Spirit” refers to the office of Holy Spirit, but I suggest we consider this verse more carefully. There are two phrases in this verse: in both phrases the Psalmist is asking for the same thing. Therefore, whatever is meant by “Thy presence” is also meant by “Thy Holy Spirit. “Thy presence” is obviously used for Jehovah Himself. That is to say the Psalmist is asking that he may continue in the presence of God Himself, i.e. Jehovah. Therefore, the second phrase, which asks for the same thing is also asking to remain in the presence of Jehovah Who is spirit. In this case then, I believe the figure of speech Metonymy of Adjunct is used which is defined as “where something pertaining to the subject is put for the subject itself”. Therefore the phrase “Thy Holy Spirit” is that which pertains to the Subject and is put for the Subject, Which is, of course, Jehovah.

Ps. 139:7, “Whither shall I go from Thy Spirit, or whither  shall I flee from Thy presence?” Again there are two phrases in this verse, each will helps us understand the other. As in Ps. 51:11, I believe the figure of speech Metonymy of Adjunct is used. So in Ps. 139:7, where “Thy Spirit” and “Thy Presence” refer to the same thing, both refer to God. That is to say, “Thy Spirit” is put for Jehovah Himself, so the Psalmist is saying that he cannot flee from Jehovah.

Is. 30:1, “Woe to the rebellious children, saith Jehovah, that take counsel, but not of Me; and that cover with a covering but not of My Spirit, that they may add sin to sin.” Again, both phrases in this verse explain each other. So let us answer the question of what is meant by “My spirit” by considering the first phrase. The first phrase obviously refers to Jehovah Himself, i.e. it is Jehovah’s counsel that will not be taken by Israel. I believe therefore, that the phrase “My Spirit” is used as the figure of speech, Metonymy of Adjunct. That is to say, “Spirit” is that which pertains to the Subject Which is, of course, Jehovah. So we may understand this phrase literally to say that the covering is not from Jehovah.

Is. 63:10, “But they rebelled and vexed His holy Spirit; therefore He was turned to be their enemy…..”. Again, one might be tempted to assume that the phrase “His holy Spirit” is used here in reference to the Holy Spirit rather than to Jehovah Himself, Who is spirit. However, I believe that Is. 63:10 tells us that it was Jehovah Himself Who was vexed because Israel did not rebel against Jehovah in His office of Holy Spirit, they rebelled against Jehovah. So too, it wasn’t Jehovah in His office of Holy Spirit that was vexed, it was Jehovah Himself. The phrase “His holy Spirit” is put by the figure of speech Metonymy of Adjunct. That is to say, “His holy Spirit” is that which pertains to the Subject, Which is Jehovah.

Hagg. 2:5, “According to the word that I covenanted with you when ye came out of Egypt, so My Spirit remaineth among you…” Ex. 29:45 reads, “And I (Jehovah, see vs. 42) will dwell among you the children of Israel, and will be their God.” In Exodus Jehovah promised that He Himself would dwell with Israel. therefore, the reminder of this promise in Haggai refers also to Jehovah Himself as spirit. Once again, I believe that the phrase, “My Spirit” is the figure of speech Metonymy of Adjunct, where something pertaining to the subject  is put for the subject itself. In this case, “My Spirit” is put for Jehovah.

Micah 2:7, “O thou that art named the house of Jacob, is the Spirit of Jehovah straitened? ….” (Strong’s Dictionary defines the English word “straitened” as “to curtail”.) In my opinion, this makes more sense if we interpret the phrase “Spirit of Jehovah” as Jehovah Himself because the phrase  calls into  question the power of God, not the power of God in one of His offices.  Therefore, I believe that this verse is an example of the figure of speech Metonymy of Adjunct, where the phrase “the Spirit of Jehovah” is that which pertains to the Subject Which is Jehovah. In other words, this verse is asking “is Jehovah straitened?”.

Zech. 6:8, “…..Behold, these that go toward the north county have quieted my spirit in the north country.”

B) God

By considering the phrase “God is spirit” we will see that it is in reference to Jesus Christ Who is Jehovah as spirit as well as the manifestation of Jehovah (please see the paper that proves that statement).

Because God, Whose name is Jehovah, is spirit and therefore, by definition, invisible, we can know nothing of Him. But in His matchless grace, God has manifested Himself in many ways, especially by  His only begotten Son, Jesus Christ. As the paper on this web-site  Jesus Christ Is Both Jehovah And The Manifestation Of Jehovah  will prove, Jesus Christ fulfills all the offices of Jehovah. It is therefore, logical to assume that Jesus Christ is Jehovah as spirit. But Scripture also testifies to that point.

By comparing an Old Testament prophecy with its New Testament fulfillment, we learn that Scripture tells us that Christ is Jehovah. Isaiah 40:3, “The voice of him that crieth in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of Jehovah”. (The KJV has “the Lord” but the Hebrew is “Jehovah”.) We read in Matthew 3:3 a quote of Isaiah 40:3. “For this is he (John the Baptist) that was spoken of by the prophet Esaias, saying, ‘The voice of one crying in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the Lord, make His path straight”. The one for whom John the Baptist was preparing the way was Christ. John the Baptist was fulfilling the prophecy of Isaiah who wrote that he would prepare the way for Jehovah. By comparing the prophecy (Is. 40:3) with the fulfillment of prophecy (Matt. 3:3) we see that the “voice of him crying in the wilderness” was preparing the way for Jehovah, Who is God. Because Christ was the One for Whom John the Baptist was preparing the way, we must conclude that Christ is Jehovah, i.e. God in the flesh.

I believe that as we consider the dispensation of the fulness of times, we will see further evidence that Jesus Christ is Jehovah as spirit.  But is the phrase “Christ is spirit”self contradicting? That is to say, Jesus Christ had a body and still does, and will do so in the millennium, so can He be spirit?. We must  consider the fact that because Christ is Jehovah, Christ’s basic nature is spirit. As the reader will see in the section below  on the Holy Spirit, Scripture proves that God in His office of Holy Spirit at one time took on the bodily form of a dove, but that did not change His basic nature, which is, of course, spirit. So too, the basic nature of Christ, Who is Jehovah as spirit, did not change  even when He took on a bodily form.

As we compare Eph. 1:10 with I Cor. 15:28 we will see that both refer to the same period of time. But whereas in I Cor. 15 Paul wrote of “God”, in Eph. 1 Paul wrote of Christ. We also see the utter perfection of the Word of God as we compare these two statements. That is to say, Paul did not write of Christ being spirit, but by a careful comparison, we see that Christ is the subject of I Cor. 15:28 which obviously concerns God as spirit, and that Eph. 1:10 must refer to the same Person. So Paul, through the Holy Spirit, tells us that Christ is Jehovah as spirit without actually saying that in so many words. Let me try to clarify that point.

We read in Eph. 1:10, “That in the dispensation of the fulness of times, He might gather together in one all things in Christ…..even in Him”. We must define the terms used in this verse.

The Greek word translated “fulness” is, “pleeroma”. It is used 17 times in the New Testament. This is a very important word so we will consider each occurrence.

Matt. 9:16, “No man putteth a piece of new cloth unto an old garment, for that which is put in to fill it up taketh from the garment……”. Here “pleeroma”  is translated “fill up”. In other words, the garment is completed in terms of what it will hold. (See also Mark 2:21, same passage.)

We read in Mark 8:20, “……..how many baskets full of fragments took ye up?”. The word is used here to indicate that the baskets had been completed, i.e. they had no more room for any more fragments.

Jn. 1:16, “And of all His fulness have all we received….”. The NASB has, “For of all His fulness we have all received”. I think this means that we have all received of His fulness. Again, it has the idea of “complete”, i.e. all that He is.

Rom. 11:12, “Now if the fall of them, the riches of the world, and the diminishing of them the riches of the Gentiles, how much more their fulness”. In other words, when God’s plans for Israel are completed, it will be the riches of the Gentiles.

Rom. 11:25, “….blindness in part has happened to Israel until the fulness of the Gentiles be come in”. In other words, the blindness will continue until God’s plans for the Gentiles are completed.

Rom. 13:10 where we read, “Love worketh no ill to his neighbor; therefore love is the fulfilling of the law”. I believe that Paul’s point is that love completes the law concerning one’s neighbors.

Romans 15:29, “And I am sure that when I come unto you, I shall come in the fulness of the blessing of the gospel of Christ.” I believe Paul is referring here to the complete blessing in the gospel of Christ.

I Cor. 10:26, “For the earth is the Lord’s and the fulness thereof”. (See also I Cor. 10:28., the same quote”). In other words, everything that is on the earth is God’s. The basic meaning of “complete” is not as obvious in this verse, but it is, in my opinion, one of the nuances.

Now let us look at a passage which speaks of the fulness of a time. Gal. 4:4 reads, “But when the fulness of times was come, God sent forth His Son, made of a woman, made under the law, to redeem them that were under the law……”. I believe Paul’s point in this verse is that when all things were completed for the coming of Christ to earth, God sent His Son. In keeping with the way the word is used every other time, I believe we may conclude that the key point is that all things were completed.

Eph. 1:22-23, “And hath put all things under His feet, and gave Him to be the Head over all things to the church, Which is His body the fulness of Him that filleth all in all”. Here the idea is that the church completes Christ. (I must say however that  because Christ is God and was, therefore,  never incomplete, I believe that we must add the ellipsis, “the fulness of Christ’s [plans for the ages].  The figure of speech Metonymy of Adjunct is used.  Christ is put for His plans and purposes, see also Col. 1:18-19 and note below. ) Here too the idea of completion is evident.

Eph. 3:19, “….that you might be filled with all the fulness of God”. The “fulness of God” is the completeness of Him.

Eph. 4:13, “….unto the measure of the stature of the fulness of Christ”. Again, the completeness of Christ.

Let us also consider Col. 1:18-19, “And He is before all things, and by Him all things consist. And He is the Head of the body, the church: Who is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead; that in all things He might have the preeminence. for it pleased the Father that in Him should all fulness dwell”. Christ is complete.

Col. 2:9, “For in Him dwelleth all the fulness of the godhead bodily”. Here again, the godhead is complete in Christ.

The basic idea of the Greek word is “to complete”.

Now let us consider the term in Eph. 1:10, “the fulness of times…..”. I believe that we may conclude that the fulness of times refers to a time when all God’s plans have been completed and there is nothing else that needs to be done.

We need to also consider the Greek word translated “gather together” in the phrase, “He might gather together in one “. That word is, “anakephalaioomai”. The note in the Companion Bible on that word reads, “to sum up (lit. head up)”. That same Greek word is also used in Rom. 13:9 which will help a great deal in understanding this word. That verse reads, “….. ‘Thou shalt not commit adultery, Thou shalt not kill, Thou shalt not steal, Thou shalt not bear false witness, Thou shalt not covet; and if there be any other commandment, it is briefly comprehended in this saying, namely, ‘Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself’”. It is the Greek word translated here “briefly comprehended” that is the same as is translated “gather together” in Eph. 1:10. Just as the commandment to love your neighbor is the very essence of the other commandments Paul spoke of in Rom. 13:9, so too in the dispensation of the fulness of times Christ will be the very essence to all things in heaven and on earth. We discovered that the literal meaning is “head up”, and in Romans 13:9 it has the idea of “essence”. With that in mind let us consider I Cor. 15:28.

I Cor. 15:2 reads, “And when all things shall be subdued unto Him then shall the Son also Himself be subject unto Him That put all things under Him, that God may be all in all”. Let us consider this verse phrase by phrase.

“And when all things shall be subdued, unto Him”. The pronoun “Him”  refers, in my opinion, to God as spirit. When will all things be subdued unto God? Certainly that is not true of the present dispensation. Neither is it true of the millennial reign of Christ because we read in Rev. 20:7-8 that Satan will lead the nations to fight against Jerusalem after he is loosed at the end of the millennium. I believe that there will be a time of preparation when the new heavens and new earth are created, but when that time of preparation is completed, then all things will be subdued unto God. When all things will be subdued unto God all His plans and purposes for the ages will have been completed and the dispensation of the fulness of times will be ushered in.

Unto Whom will all things be subdued? Many believe that it will be the Father, unto Whom all things will be subdued. Let us consider that thought. The Father is not all that God is. That is to say, the Father is never said to be, for example, Creator, or Saviour. In point of fact Jesus Christ fulfills those tittles (please see the paper on this website “Jesus Christ Is Both Jehovah and the Manifestation of Jehovah” for the Scriptural evidence of that statement). Therefore, while it is, of course, true that the Father is God, it is not accurate, to say that all things will be subdued unto the Father.

Now let us consider the second phrase of I Cor. 15:28, “then shall the Son also Himself be subject unto Him That put all things under Him”. So the Son will be subject unto God as spirit Who put all things under Him (God as spirit). But the Son is God and God cannot be subject to anyone, even God. I suggest therefore that it is God in His office of Son that will be subject to God as spirit.  Let me try to clarify this statement with an amplification of I Cor. 15:28. “And when all things shall be subdued unto Him (Jehovah as spirit) then shall the Son (Christ in the office of Son) also Himself be subject unto Him (Jehovah as spirit) That put all things under Him that God (Jehovah as spirit) may be all in all”.

Now let us consider the phrase “that God may be all in all”. The phrase “all in all” may be an example of the figure of speech Aenigma which is defined in the Companion Bible as, “a truth expressed in obscure language”.  A figure of speech is used to enhance a truth. What truth is being enhanced in this phrase? I believe that when we say to someone we love “you are my everything” we are expressing the same thought as Paul expressed when he wrote that God will be “all in all”, i.e. He will be everything to every living being.

Now we are ready to pull together all that has been written about Eph. 1:10 and I Cor. 15:28. In Ephesians Paul writes that Christ will head up and He will be the very essence to all things in heaven and on earth in the dispensation of the fulness of times. In Cor. 15 Paul speaks of the same period and tells us that Jehovah as spirit will be “all in all”. I believe that the phrases “head up” (“the essence”) and “all in all” will be fulfilled in the dispensation of the fulness of times by the same Person. Because Christ will head up all things, and Jehovah will be all in all, I believe that by combining these two verses, we learn that Christ is Jehovah as spirit. Let me re-phrase that.

I Cor. 15 tells us that Jehovah as spirit will be all in all. Eph. 1 tells us that Christ will head up all things. If Christ will head up all things, and Jehovah will be all in all, they must be the same Person. It must be Jehovah as spirit Who is all in all and will head up all things.

I have tried to show in this section of the study of “spirit” that when we read in Jn. 4:24 and all the verses quoted above that God is spirit we are reading of Jesus Christ, Who is Jehovah as spirit and fulfills all the offices of Jehovah, i.e. is the manifestation of Jehovah.

II. The Holy Spirit

In the section above we considered the phrase “God is spirit”. The question may arise, does the phrase “God is spirit” refer to the Holy Spirit? I believe it does not because the Holy Spirit is not all that God is. That is to say, God as spirit has revealed Himself in His many offices. But the Holy Spirit is never said to be the Redeemer or the King,  or the Shepherd etc.. The Holy Spirit does not fulfill all the offices of Jehovah and therefore we cannot say that the Holy Spirit and Jehovah are one and the same. “Jehovah” is God’s name and “Holy Spirit” is one of His titles or offices.

How then does the Holy Spirit reveal God Who is spirit? Below is a consideration of those passages in the Bible that tell us what the Holy Spirit has done and continues to do. I believe that it will become clear with a consideration of these verses that it would be fair to say that, in large part, the Holy Spirit is the “care giver” of God’s children and often times is the “accomplisher”  of God’s will. The Holy Spirit is the “Doer” Who reveals,  in part Who God as spirit is as He accomplishes God’s will.

A. One of the Offices of Jehovah

As mentioned above, I believe that the Holy Ghost or Spirit (it is the same word in the Greek) is one of the many offices of Jehovah. As such, the Holy Spirit is,  of course, God.

As we consider Acts 5:3 and 9 along with II Cor. 3:14-18 we will see that, as is true of all the offices of Jehovah, Jesus Christ fulfills the office of Holy Spirit. Acts 5:3 reads, “Peter said to Ananias, why hath Satan filled thine heart to lie to the Holy Ghost… .” But Acts 5:9 records Peter’s comment to Sapphira, the wife of Ananias, and reads, “How is it that you have agreed together to tempt the Spirit of the Lord?” Note that Peter used the term “Holy Ghost” in his rebuke of Ananias but in verse 3, he used the term “Spirit of the Lord” in his rebuke to Sapphira for the same offence.

Does this passage in Acts 5 allow us to equate the term “Holy Ghost” (or “Spirit”) with the term “the Spirit of the Lord”? Let us examine that thought. Ananias committed the same offence as did his wife Sapphira, i.e. they both lied about what they received in selling a certain possession. (see verses 2 and 8). So both Ananias and Sapphira lied to the Holy Spirit. Because they both lied, they both tempted the Spirit of the Lord. That is to say, one did not lie and the other tempt, they both lied to the Holy Spirit, therefore they both tempted Him. Further, because one did not sin against a different Person than did the other, I believe we may conclude that the term “Holy Ghost” (or Spirit) is the same Person as the Spirit of the Lord. Now let us compare this with II Cor. 3:14-18.

II Cor. 3:14-18 reads, “But their minds were blinded: for until this day remaineth the same vail untaken away in the reading of the old testament; which vail is done away in Christ. But even unto this day, when Moses is read, the vail is upon their heart. Nevertheless, when it (the heart of Israel) shall turn to the Lord, the vail shall be taken away. Now the Lord is that Spirit (add the ellipsis “that taketh away the vail”); and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is liberty. But ye all with open face beholding as in a glass the glory of the Lord, are changed into the same image from glory to glory, even as by the Spirit of the Lord.”

Let us, for the sake of clarity, consider a few key phrases. We read in verse 14, “which vail is done away in Christ“.  The Greek word translated “in” in the phrase “done away in Christ”  is “en” which is defined in part in the Companion Bible as, “has  sometimes the force of ‘by’ denoting the instrument”. So the vail was taken away by Christ.  And in verse 17, “Now the Lord is that Spirit (add the ellipsis “that taketh away the vail”). One verse tells us that it is Christ that takes away the vail and another verse tells us it is the Spirit that takes it away. There is, of course, no contradiction here. By combining the thought that the vail is done way by Christ, with the thought that it is the  Spirit that takes away the vail, we learn that we may think of the  Spirit, as Christ Himself. I believe that because the vail in question is not a literal vail (it is the vail that covers the heart or the spirit of Israel) That which takes away the vail is Spirit.

Going on, let us consider verse 17, “and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is liberty’. What is the “liberty” spoken of in this verse? That question must, of course, be answered from the context. Because the context has to do with taking away the blindness of Israel in understanding the Old Testament, the liberty, in my opinion, is the correct understanding of the Old Testament that comes when Christ takes away the vail that was causing the blindness. My point is that the “liberty” comes as a result of the taking away of the vail. And since we are told that Christ has done away with the vail, and that the “Spirit of the Lord” gives the liberty, we may conclude that the Spirit of the Lord is Christ.

We are now ready to consider the suggestion that Christ fulfills the office of the Holy Spirit. We have learned from II Cor. 3:14-18 that the term “Spirit of the Lord” is used of Christ. And we learned in Acts 5 that the term “Spirit of the Lord” is equated with the term “Holy Ghost” (or “Spirit”). That means that Christ  is the Holy Spirit.  Therefore,  we may conclude that Jesus Christ fulfills the office of Holy Spirit.

But some might object that because Christ is in a body, He cannot fulfill the office of Holy Spirit. But let us consider the Holy Spirit, Who is, of course, spirit. Matt. 3:16 records the “Spirit of God descending like a dove”.  In other words, the Holy Spirit took on the form of a dove so that He could be seen.  But His basic nature was one of spirit. So too, because Jesus Christ is Jehovah, Who is spirit, His basic nature is spirit, even though He has taken on a bodily form. (Please see the paper on this web-site for the Scriptural evidence that Christ is indeed Jehovah.)

In short, Christ’s Spirit is the Holy Spirit. i.e. Christ fulfills the office of Holy Spirit.

We will continue our study of the Holy Spirit by a consideration of all the verses that I believe refer to the Holy Spirit. In this part of that study we will consider the Holy Spirit as one of the many offices of Jehovah.

(The reader is asked to bear in mind that the upper case letters in the term “Holy Ghost” (or “Spirit) are interpretations, they are not part of the texts because the Hebrew does not have upper and lower case letters, and, I am told,  the Greek rarely used upper case letters.)

Gen. 6:3, “And Jehovah said, ‘My Spirit shall not always strive with man….”. The note in the Companion Bible on the word “strive” reads, “remain in, with… .” I do not believe it refers to God as spirit because Jehovah, will never cease to remain with man. In this case then, “My Spirit” refers to the Holy Spirit.

Micah 3:8, “But truly I am full of power by the Spirit of Jehovah, and of judgment, and of might…. .” As the section below on the power from the Holy Spirit will show, the power comes from God in His office of Holy Spirit.

Matt. 3:16, “He saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove and lighting on Him.” Here the Spirit of God has taken on a form, i.e. the form of dove in order to be seen, but that does not change the basic meaning of the Greek word “pneuma”, nor, of course, does it change the basic nature of the Holy Spirit as spirit.

Matt. 12:31, “…..blasphemy of the Holy Ghost shall not be forgiven unto men.” (See also Mark 3:29, Luke 12:10.) In verse 32 the blasphemy is put in contrast with blasphemy of the Son another office of Jehovah, so the subject of this verse is God in His office of Holy Spirit.

Matt. 12:32, “And whosoever shall speak against the Son of man, it shall be forgiven, but whoever speaketh against the Holy Ghost, it shall not be forgiven him… .”

Matt. 28:19, “….baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son and of the Holy Ghost.” In this verse three of the many offices of Jehovah are mentioned.

Mark 1:10, “….and the Spirit like a dove descending upon Him… .” Please see note on Matt. 3:16.

Luke 3:22,”And the Holy Ghost descended in a bodily shape like a dove…. .” Please see note on Matt. 3:16.

Jn. 1:32, “And John bare record saying, ‘I saw the Spirit descending from heaven like a dove, and it abode upon Him. And I knew Him not; but He That sent me to baptize with water, the same said unto me, ‘Upon Whom thou shalt see the Spirit descending and remaining on Him…..” This verse gives the reason that the Holy Spirit took on a bodily form, i.e. so that He can be seen by John the Baptist. Please see note on Matt. 3:16.

Jn. 3:5-6, “…Except a man be born of water and the Spirit (that which is born in man of the Holy Spirit is the new nature), he cannot enter into the kingdom of God. That which is born of the flesh is flesh and that which is born of the Spirit (the Holy Spirit) is spirit”

Jn. 3:8, “The wind bloweth where it listeth….so is everyone that is born of the Spirit.”

Acts 2:4b “and began to speak with other tongues as the Spirit gave them utterance.. .” I believe it would be helpful to consider the entire verse, even though the first part of it refers to the power from the Holy Spirit (please see the section below on power from the Holy Spirit). The entire verse reads, “And they were all filled with the Holy Ghost and began to speak with other tongues as the Spirit gave them utterance.. .” It is important to note the two phrases “filled with the Holy Ghost” and  “as the Spirit gave them utterance.” That is to say, the Holy Spirit filled these men with power so that they spoke in other tongues as He gave them utterance.

Acts 5:3, “….why hath Satan filled thine heart to lie to the Holy Ghost… ?”

Acts 5:9, “How is it that you have agreed together to tempt the Spirit of the Lord?” This verse tells us that “the Spirit of the Lord” is also referred to in verse 3 as “the Holy Ghost”. Christ is the”Spirit of the  Lord”, therefore, as mentioned above, Jesus Christ fulfills the office of the Holy Spirit.

Acts 15:28, “For it seemed good to the Holy Ghost… to lay upon you no greater burden… .”

Acts 20:28, “Take heed…..over the which the Holy Ghost hath made you overseers… .”

Acts 21:4, “….And finding disciples….who said to Paul through the Spirit that he should not go up to Jerusalem.”

Acts 21:11, “….Thus saith the Holy Ghost, ‘So shall the Jews at Jerusalem bind the man that owneth this girdle…”.

Romans 2:11b, “..even so the things of God knoweth no man, but the Spirit of God.”

Romans 8:26-27, “Likewise the Spirit also helpeth our infirmities: for we know not what we should pray for as we ought: but the Spirit Itself maketh intercession for us, ….. And He That searcheth the hearts knoweth what is the mind of the Spirit, because He makes intercession for the saints….. .”

Romans 9:1, “…my conscience also bearing witness in the Holy Ghost… .” Add the ellipsis, “my conscience also bearing witness (as I rest in -Gr. en) the Holy Ghost.

Romans 14:17, “…for the kingdom of God is …..joy in the Holy Ghost.”

Romans 15:16, “…that the offering of the Gentiles might be acceptable, being sanctified by the Holy Ghost.”

Romans 15:30, “…for the love of the Spirit, that you strive together..”

I Cor. 2:10, “But God hath revealed them unto us by His Spirit: for the Spirit searcheth all things, yea the deep things of God.”

I Cor. 2:11b, “…even so the things of God knoweth no man but the Spirit of God.”

I Cor. 2:14, “But the natural man receiveth not the things of the Spirit of God; for they are foolishness to unto him; neither can he know them, because they are spiritually discerned.”

I Cor. 6:11, “…ye are sanctified, ye are justified in the name of the Lord Jesus and by the Spirit of our God.” See II Thess. 2:13 which tells us that we are sanctified by the Holy Spirit.

I Cor. 12:4, “Now there are divirsities of gifts but the same Spirit.” Add the ellipsis, “who giveth those gifts”. It is the Holy Spirit who gives the gifts which are the subject of this passage.

I Cor. 12:7-11, “But the manifestation of the Spirit (the “of” is the Genitive of Origin, i.e. from)  is given to every man to profit withal. 8) For to one is given by the Spirit (the Holy Spirit) the word of wisdom; to another the word of knowledge, by the same Spirit (the Holy Spirit); to another faith, by the same Spirit (the Holy Spirit); to another the gifts of healing, by the same Spirit (the Holy Spirit). To another the working of miracles; to another prophecy; to another discerning of spirits; to another diverse kinds of tongues; to another the interpretation of tongues; But all these worketh that one and the selfsame Spirit (the Holy Spirit), dividing to every man severally as He will.” Note verses 8-11 itemize each gift. In my opinion, that proves that it was power from the Holy Spirit that was given as the Holy Spirit Himself is certainly not itemized.

I Cor. 12:13, “For by one Spirit are we all baptized into one body, whether we be Jews or Gentiles……and have been all made to drink into one Spirit.”

II Cor. 3:16-18, “Nevertheless, when it (the heart of Israel) shall turn to the Lord, the vail shall be taken away. Now the Lord is that Spirit; and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is liberty. But ye all with open face beholding as in a glass the glory of the Lord, are changed into the same image from glory to glory, even as by the Spirit of the Lord.”

II Cor. 13:14, “….the communion of the Holy Ghost be with you all.”

Eph. 1:13, “… Whom after that ye believed, ye were sealed with that holy Spirit of promise.” Eph. 4:30 tells us that we were sealed by the Holy Spirit. therefore, we may conclude that the “with” in the phrase, “sealed with” may be understood as “by”, i.e. we are sealed by the Holy Spirit. (See Eph. 4:30.)

Eph. 2:18, “For through Him we both have access by one Spirit unto the Father.”

Eph. 3:16, “That He would grant you….to be strengthened with might by His Spirit in the inner man.” The inner man is, of course, the new nature. But this verse tells us that the new nature is strengthened by the Holy Spirit, one of the offices of Jehovah.

Eph. 4:3,”Endeavouring to keep the unity of the Spirit in the bond of peace.” (The Greek word translated “unity” is better translated “oneness”.)

Eph. 4:4, “There is one body and one Spirit… .”

Eph. 4:30, And grieve not the Holy Spirit whereby you are sealed… .”

Eph. 5:18, “Do not get drunk on wine, which leads to debauchery. Instead, be filled with the Spirit”. The Greek word translated “with” in the phrase “filled with the Spirit” is “en” and is defined in the Companion Bible in part as, “has sometimes the force of  ‘by’  denoting the instrument”.   Is the contrast here between being drunk and being filled with God in His office of Holy Spirit? I can not believe it is. I believe the contrast is between being drunk and being filled by the Holy Spirit.  Therefore, I believe that “en” should be translated “by”,  i.e. ” filled by the Spirit”.

I Thess. 1:5, “Our gospel came unto you ….in power and in the Holy Ghost… .” The Greek word translated “and” in the phrase, “in power and in the Holy Ghost” is “kai” and is often translated “even”. Because the power always comes from the Holy Ghost, I believe that the “kai” in this verse should also be translated “even”.  So that phrase should read, “in power even in the Holy Ghost”. Further, the Greek preposition translated “in” in the phrase, “in the Holy Ghost” is “en” and, according to the Companion Bible, “…..has  sometimes the force of ‘by’, denoting the instrument… .” So this verse should read, “Our gospel came unto you….in power, even by the Holy Ghost”. This is perfectly consistent with the fact that, as the reader will see in the section below on the power from the Holy Spirit, the gospel was accompanied, in the Gospel and Acts periods, by miraculous signs which were the manifestations of the power from the Holy Spirit.

I Thess. 1:6, “And ye became followers of us and of the Lord: having received the word….with joy of the Holy Ghost.” I believe that the “of” tells us that it is the Genitive of Origin. Therefore, the joy is from the Holy Spirit.

II Thess. 2:13, “God hath from the beginning chosen you to salvation through sanctification of the Spirit and belief of the truth.” The “of” in the phrase “sanctification of the Spirit” is the Genitive of Origin, i.e. the sanctification from the Spirit.

II Tim.1:14, “Guard the good deposit that was entrusted to you – guard it with the help of the Holy Spirit Who lives in us”. This should read “Who lives among us” as it is addressed to “us” plural.

Titus 3:5, “…according to His mercy He saves us by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost.” The Greek word translated “of” in the phrase “renewing of the Holy Ghost” should, according to the note in the Companion Bible read “by”, i.e. renewing by the Holy Ghost”. Both the NASB and the NRSV have “by”.

Heb. 2:4, “God also bearing witness, both with signs and wonders, and with divers miracles, and gifts of the Holy Ghost according to His own will.” The “of” in the phrase “gifts of the Holy Ghost” is the Genitive of Origin, i.e. gifts from the Holy Spirit. God in His office of Holy Spirit sends His power which is manifested by the gifts.

Heb. 9:14, “How much more shall the blood of Christ, Who through the eternal Spirit, offered Himself without spot to God….. .” The Greek preposition translated “through” in the phrase, “Who through the eternal Spirit” is “dia” and is defined in part in the Companion Bible as, “…it includes the idea of proceeding from… .” In other words, I believe we may understand this verse to say that the Man Jesus Christ offered Himself to God in response to the will of the Holy Spirit. (We must bear in mind, however, that Jesus Christ fulfills the office of Holy Spirit, please see the first several paragraphs of this section.)

Heb. 10:29, “….and hath done despite unto the Spirit of grace.” I believe this is the Genitive of Character, i.e. the Spirit’s grace.

I Jn. 4:13, “Hereby know we that we dwell in Him, and He in us, because He hath given us of His Spirit.” The Greek word translated “of” in the phrase, “hath given us of His spirit” is “ek” and is defined, in part in the Companion Bible as, “it means ‘out from'”. So God has given us from out of His Spirit”.  What He has given us is the new nature, but it comes from God in His office of Holy Spirit.

I Jn. 5:7-8, For there are three that bear record in heaven (the Father, the Son and the Holy Ghost; and these three are one. And there are three that bear witness in earth), the Spirit and the water and the blood, these three agree in one.” The phrase “the Father, the Son and the Holy Ghost; and these three are one. And there are three that bear witness in earth” does not appear in the older manuscripts.

Rev. 22:17, “And the Spirit and the bride say, ‘Come’…and let him that is athirst come… .”

B. As Creator

Gen. 1:2, “….and the Spirit of Elohim moved upon the face of the waters”. We know that Elohim is not spirit because He was seen by Jacob when Elohim wrestled with him (see Gen. 32:24-30). Therefore,  I believe that the “of” in the phrase “Spirit of Elohim” is not the Genitive of Relation (i.e. pertaining to) but is rather  the Genitive of Origin, i.e. that it was the Spirit from Elohim about which this verse speaks.

Job 26:13, “By His Spirit He hath garnished the heavens… .”

Job 33:4, “The Spirit of God (Heb. “El”) hath made me, and the breath (Heb. “ruach”) of THE ALMIGHTY (Heb. “Shaddai”) hath given me life.” We see in this verse two of the many offices of Jehovah, i.e. “El” and “Shaddai”. To make this even more interesting, we read in Gen. 2:7 that Jehovah Elohim created Adam and breathed the breath of life into him.

I believe that the “of” in the phrase “spirit of El” and in the phrase “breath of Shaddai” is the Genitive of Origin, i.e. the Spirit from El and the breath from Shaddai.

As we consider each phrase of Job 33:4 we will see that each serves to explain the other, especially as we bear in mind the fact that “Spirit” and “breath” are translations of the same Hebrew word “ruach”. The phrase “and the breath” is the more helpful of the two phrases because there are other verses which speak of “the breath”. Let us consider them in our search for God’s truth. We read, for example in Job 15:30, “…the flame shall dry up his branches, and by the breath of His mouth shall he go away.” Is. 11:4, “But with righteousness shall He judge the poor, and reprove with equity for the meek of the earth: and He shall smite the earth with the rod of His mouth, and with the breath (Heb. “ruach”) of His lips shall He slay the wicked.” Is. 30:28, “And His breath (Heb. “ruach”) as an overflowing stream, shall reach to the midst of the neck, to sift the nations with the sieve of vanity.”

In my opinion, when we read of the “breath” (Heb. “ruach”) doing something, we are reading of the work the Holy Spirit (Heb. “ruach”), so “breath” is put by Metonymy of Adjunct, i.e.”breath” is something pertaining to the Subject Which in Job 33:4 is Jehovah in His offices of El and Shaddai Who sent the Holy Spirit. So Job 33:4 tells us that the Holy Spirit gave man life.

Ps. 33:6b, “…..And all the host of them (i.e. the heavens) (were created) by the breath of his mouth.” Please see not on Job 33:4.

C. As Teacher/Comforter

Neh. 9:20, “Thou gavest also Thy good Spirit to instruct them, and withheldest not Thy manna from their mouth….. . ” We read in Luke 12:12, quoted below, that the Holy Spirit teaches. Given that this verse speaks of instruction, I believe we may conclude that it is the Holy spirit referred to in this verse as well.

Luke 12:12, “For the Holy Ghost shall teach you in the same hour what you ought to say.”

Jn. 14:16-17, “….And He shall give you another Comforter……even the Spirit of truth….but ye know Him for He dwelleth with you and shall be in you.” Jn. 14:26 quoted below, tells us quite specifically that the Comforter is the Holy Spirit.

Jn. 14:26, “But the Comforter Which is the Holy Ghost…. .”

Jn. 15:26, “But when the Comforter is come….even the Spirit of truth…. .”

Jn. 16:13, “…when He, the Spirit of truth is come, He will guide you unto all truth… .”

Acts 1:2, “….after that He, through the Holy Ghost had given commandments… .”

Acts 5:32, “And we are His witnesses of these things: and so is also the Holy Ghost, Whom God has given to them that obey Him,” Because Luke wrote of the Holy Spirit as a “witness”, I believe we must conclude that this refers to God in His office of Holy Spirit.

Acts 9:31, “….walking in the fear of the Lord and in the comfort of the Holy Ghost, were multiplied.”

I Cor. 2:13, “Which things also we speak, not in the words which man’s wisdom teacheth, but which the Holy Ghost teacheth; comparing spiritual with spiritual”.

I Jn. 5:6, “….And it is the Spirit that bear witness because the Spirit is truth”. Compare Jn. 14:16-17.

D. As Doer

As mentioned above, the office of Holy Spirit may be described, in part as the office through  which He accomplishes  the will of Jehovah. I apologize for the rather crude term “Doer”,  but it does describe this particular activity of the Holy Spirit. The reader will note that many, if not most of the activities described in the verses quoted below are miraculous.

I Kings 18:12, “And it shall come to pass, as soon as I am gone from thee, that the Spirit of Jehovah shall carry thee wither I know not….”.

II Kings. 2:15-16, “And when the sons of the prophets which were to view at Jericho saw him they said, ‘The spirit (the gift of prophecy) of Elijah  doth rest on Elisha’ . And they came to meet him, and bowed themselves to the ground before him. and they said unto him, ‘Behold now there be with thy servants fifty strong men; let them go we pray thee, and seek thy master; lest peradventure the Spirit of Jehovah hath taken him up….”.

Judges 13:25, “And the Spirit of Jehovah began to move him at times in the camp of Dan….”.

Job 15:30, “…the flame shall dry up his branches, and by the breath (Heb. “ruach”) of His mouth shall he go away.” In my opinion, when we read of the “breath” doing something, we are reading of the work of Jehovah in His office of Holy Spirit.  That being the case, “breath” is put by the figure of speech Metonymy of Adjunct which is defined in the Companion Bible as “when something pertaining to the subject is put for the subject itself”. In this case, the “breath of His mouth” is put for the Subject which is the Holy Spirit.

Is. 11:4, “But with righteousness shall He judge the poor, and reprove with equity for the meek of the earth: and He shall smite the earth with the rod of His mouth, and with the breath (Heb. “ruach”) of His lips shall He slay the wicked.” Let us also  consider II Thess. 2:8, “and then shall that wicked be revealed when the Lord shall consume with the spirit of his mouth and shall destroy with the brightness of His coming”. As mentioned above in the comments on Job 15:30, I believe that when we read of the breath of God we are reading of the Holy Spirit.

It is clear that these verses  have to do with the second coming of Jesus Christ. Note that in II Thess. 2:8 the Greek word “pneuma” is translated “spirit”, but I believe that because of the phrase “of His mouth” it should be translated “breath”, i.e. breath of His mouth” as “ruach” is translated in Is. 11:4. A comparison of these verses is further evidence that Jesus Christ fulfills the office of Holy Spirit as He does every other title of Jehovah.

Is. 30:28, “And His breath (Heb. “ruach”)  as an overflowing stream, shall reach to the midst of the neck, to sift the nations with the sieve of vanity.”

Is. 34:16, “….for My mouth it hath commanded and His Spirit it hath gathered them.”The phrase, “My mouth” is, in my opinion, used as the figure of speech Metonymy of Adjunct. In this verse “mouth” is put for the Subject, which is Jehovah. In other words, Jehovah commanded, and Jehovah in His office of Holy Spirit gathered.

Is. 40:7, “The grass withereth, the flower fadeth; because the Spirit of Jehovah bloweth upon it; surely the people is grass.” The phrase “Spirit of Jehovah bloweth” tells us that this verse speaks of Jehovah in His office of Holy Spirit.  That is to say,  we read in Job 15:30 and Is. 11:4 quoted above, that when we read of the breath of Jehovah, we are reading of the Holy Spirit.  Because the breath does indeed blow, I believe this verse also concerns the Holy Spirit.  Therefore, the “of” in the phrase “Spirit of Jehovah” is the Genitive of Origin, i.e. the Spirit from Jehovah.

Is. 48:16, “….and now Jehovah Adonai hath sent me and His Spirit”. The prophet was sent forth to accomplish what God had for him to accomplish and the Holy Spirit, i.e. the Doer, was sent forth with him.

Is. 59:19, “….When the enemy shall come in like a flood, the Spirit of Jehovah shall lift up a standard against him.” As in Is. 40:7, quoted above, the phrase “Spirit of Jehovah” tells us that it is not Jehovah, Who is spirit that lifts up a standard, it is Jehovah in His office of Holy Spirit. Therefore, the “of” in the phrase “Spirit of Jehovah” is the Genitive of Origin, i.e. the Spirit from Jehovah. Also, because generally speaking, when something is being done by God, it is usually being done by Him in His office of Holy Spirit.

Is. 63:14, “As a beast goeth down into the valley, the Spirit of Jehovah caused him to rest…..” Please see note on Is. 59:19 quoted above.

Ezek. 3:12, “Then the Spirit took me up, and I heard behind me a voice of a great rushing, saying, ‘Blessed be the glory of Jehovah….”

Ezek. 3:14a, “So the Spirit lifted me up, and took me away…”

Ezek. 8:3, “……and the Spirit lifted me up between the earth and the heaven….”

Ezek. 11:1, “The Spirit lifted me up and brought me to the east gate of the house of Jehovah…”.

Ezek. 11:24, “Afterwards the Spirit took me up, and brought me in a vision by the Spirit of Elohim into Chaldea. to them of the captivity.”

Ezek. 37:1, “The hand of Jehovah was upon me, and carried me out in the Spirit of Jehovah, and set me down in the midst of the valley which was full of bones.”

Ezek. 43:5, “So the Spirit took me up and brought me into the inner court…”

Zech. 4:6-7, “….Not by might, nor by power, but by My Spirit, saith Jehovah of hosts. Who art thou, O great mountain? before Zerubbabel thou shalt become a plain…”.

Matt. 1:18, “…..she was found with child of the Holy Ghost.”

Matt. 1:20, “….That Which is conceived in her is of the Holy Ghost.”

Matt. 4:1, “Then was Jesus led up by the Spirit into the wilderness…”

Matt. 10:20, “For it is not ye that speak, but the Spirit of the Father Which speaketh in you”. The Greek preposition translated “in” in the phrase, “Which speaketh in you” is “en” and it is defined in part in the Companion Bible as, “…sometimes having the force of  ‘by’, denoting the instrument”. So we may understand this verse to say that the Spirit of the Father speaks by them. Now let us compare this with Mark 13:11, “…for it is not ye that speaketh but the Holy Ghost.” Matthew tells us that it is the “spirit of the Father” by which they speak and Mark tells us that they speak through the Holy Ghost. If one sees the Father as one Person and the Holy Ghost as another Person there is a contradiction in these passages. There are, of course, no contradictions in the Word of God. We must understand that “Father” and “Holy Ghost” are offices of One God, i.e. Jehovah.

Mark, 1:12, “…the Spirit driveth Him into the wilderness.”

Mark 13:11, “…for it is not ye that speaketh but the Holy Ghost.” Please see note on Matt. 10:20 quoted above.

Luke 1:35, “And the angel answered and said unto her, ‘The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee, and the power of the Highest shall overshadow thee; therefore also that holy Thing Which shall be born of thee shall be called the Son of God.'” The Greek word translated “and” in the phrase “and the power” is “kai” and is often translated “even”, “the Holy Ghost….even the power of the Highest”.  So this verse tells us that the Holy Spirit is the “power of the Highest”, i.e, of God.

Luke 2:27, “And he came by the Spirit into the temple….”

Luke 4:1b, “…..was led by the Spirit into the wilderness.”

Luke 4:14, “And Jesus returned in the power of the Spirit into Galilee.”

Acts 8:29, “Then the Spirit said unto Phillip, ‘Go near and join thyself to this chariot.'”

Acts 8:39, “And when they were come up out of the water, the Spirit of the Lord caught away Phillip, that the eunuch saw him no more.”

Acts 10:19, “….the Spirit said unto him, ‘Behold, three men seek thee”

Act 11:12, “And the Spirit bade me go with them… .”

Acts 13:2, “As they ministered unto the Lord, the Holy Ghost said unto them, ‘separate unto Me Barnabus and Saul…. .”

Acts 13:4, “So they being sent forth by the Holy Ghost departed… .”

Acts 16:6-7, “….were forbidden of the Holy Ghost to preach the word in Asia, …they assayed to go unto Bithynia but the Spirit suffered them not.”

Acts 20:23, “…the Holy Ghost witnesseth in every city that bonds and affliction abide me.”

II Thess. 2:8, “And then shall that wicked be revealed whom the Lord shall consume with the spirit of His mouth… .”

I Peter 3:18, “….put to death in the flesh, but quickened by the Spirit.”

Rev. 1:10, “I was in the Spirit on the Lord’s day… .”

Rev. 4:2, “…I was in the Spirit…. .”

Rev. 17:3, “So he carried me away in the Spirit… .”

Rev. 21:10, “And he carried me away in the Spirit… .”

E. The Giver of the Word of God and of Prophecies

I Chron. 28:12, “And the pattern of all that he had by the Spirit, of the courts of the house of Jehovah, and of all the chambers round about….”.

Neh. 9:30, “Yet many years didst Thou forbear them, and testifiedst against them by Thy Spirit in Thy prophets, yet would they not give ear.”

Zech. 7:12, “Yea, they made their hearts as an adamant stone, lest they should hear the law, and the words which Jehovah of hosts hath sent by His Spirit by the former prophets.” This verse is helpful because it tells us that Jehovah sent the Holy Spirit to give the Word to the prophets.

Matt. 22:43, “…How then did David in Spirit call Him Lord.. .” (The word “in” should be translated “by”.) In other words, David called Him Lord by or through the Holy Spirit see Mark 12:36 and Acts 1:16).

Mark 12:36, “for David himself said by the Holy Ghost….. .”

Acts 1:16, “….which the Holy Ghost by the mouth of David spake… .”

Acts 7:51-52, “…ye do always resist the Holy Ghost, as your fathers did. Which of the prophets have your fathers not persecuted?”

Romans 1:4,”And declared to be the Son of God with power, according to the spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from the dead.” The NASB reads, “who was declared the Son of God with power by the resurrection from the dead, according to the Spirit of holiness”. This translation, in my opinion, makes more sense in that it was Christ’s resurrection that, at least in part, declared Him to be the Son of God (see Ps. 2:7.) And Christ’s resurrection was indeed written in the Word of God, especially in type, of which Jonah is the most obvious. So in this verse the Holy Spirit is referred to as “the spirit of holiness”.

Gal. 3:14, “That the blessing of Abraham might come upon the Gentiles through Jesus Christ, that we might receive the promise of the Spirit through faith.” The “of” in the term “promise of the Spirit” is the Genitive of Possession, i.e. the Spirit’s promise. The Spirit’s promise is that of verse 6, i.e. that Abraham was justified by faith. The Holy Spirit promised that justification and was recorded in Genesis.

Eph. 3:5, “…as it is now revealed unto His holy apostles and prophets by the Spirit.”

Eph. 6:17, “And take the helmet of salvation and the sword of the Spirit which is the word of God.”

I Tim.4:1a, “Now the Spirit speaketh expressly… .”

Heb. 3:7, Wherefore, as the Holy Ghost saith, ‘To day, if you will hear His voice.”

Heb. 9:8, “The Holy Ghost this signifying that the way into the holiest of all was not yet made manifest… .”

Heb. 10:15, “…the Holy Ghost also is a witness to us for after that He had said before… .”

I Peter 1:10-11, “Of which salvation the prophets have enquired and search diligently, who prophesied of the grace that should come unto you. Searching what or what manner of time the Spirit of Christ which was in them did signify when it testified beforehand the sufferings of Christ, and the glory that should follow”. In this verse the “Spirit of Christ” refers to the Holy Ghost Who had “testified beforehand the sufferings of Christ” in such Old Testament passages as Is. 53.

II Peter 1:21, “…holy men of God spake as they were moved by the Holy Ghost.”

Rev. 2:7, “….hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches… .” (See also verse 11, 17, 29, 3:13 and 3:19.)

Rev. 14:13, “And I heard a voice from heaven saying unto me, ‘Write, ‘Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord from henceforth. Yea, saith the Spirit, that they may rest from their labours… .”

III) Power from the Holy Spirit

As we look at all the passages in the Bible that speak of the Holy Spirit, we must be careful to see the difference between the Holy Spirit and the power from the Holy Spirit. We will look at several verses that speak of the Holy Spirit “filling” or “coming upon” or the Holy Spirit being “poured out” or entering. One is not “filled” with God, the Holy Spirit. God is not “poured out”, nor does God “come upon” another or enter another. These verses use the figure of speech, Metonymy of the Cause, i.e. the cause is put for the effect. In other words, the cause is the Holy Spirit, the effect is being filled with the power from the Holy Spirit. We use that figure of speech when we say for example, “Joe really pours himself into his work”. Obviously, Joe does not “pour himself”.  Joe is the cause, the effect is that he shows himself to be a dedicated worker. So when the Holy Spirit is poured out or comes upon someone, we must understand those passages to mean power from the Holy Spirit.

As with all figures of speech, Metonymy of the Cause is used to enhance the meaning of the phrase in which it is used. We could say that Joe is a dedicated worker, but it does not have the same force as when we say that Joe pours himself into his work. The same is true of the figure of speech when used of the Holy Spirit. The Holy Spirit does not simply empower one to  accomplish that for which the person has been empowered, His power “fills” it is “poured out”. Similarly, His power is not simply “sent”, it “comes upon” the one who is to be empowered. So when we read, for example in Judges 14:6, “The Spirit of the Lord came upon him with power so that he tore the lion apart with his bare hands”, we are reading of the power from the Holy Spirit. The Holy Spirit is the cause, and the power from the Holy Spirit is the effect. Just as Joe does not “pour” himself, but his energies, so too the Holy Spirit does not pour Himself, but His power.

Before we consider every verse that speaks of power from the Holy Spirit, I would like to call the reader’s attention to just a few verses which, I believe, will show the importance of differentiating between the Holy Spirit and power from the Holy Spirit.

Let us consider, for example  I Sam.10:10 ” “….and the Spirit of Elohim came upon him (Saul) and he prophesied.…”. But we read in  I Sam. 16:14, “But the Spirit of Jehovah departed from Saul….” .  Please note that in chapter 16 we read that that power had departed from Saul. Some, because they do not differentiate between the Holy Spirit and the power from the Holy Spirit, believe that it was at this point that Saul lost his salvation. The paper on this web-site which addresses  the question of eternal security,  proves from Scripture that a believer can never lose his salvation. Saul did not lose his salvation, he lost the power from the Holy Spirit.

And we read in Micah 3:8, “But truly I am full of power by the Spirit of Jehovah, and of judgment, and of might…. .” This is a clear statement that it was power from the  Holy Spirit with which he was filled that enabled Micah to judge etc. .

Coming to the New Testament we see the same truth. We read in Heb. 6:4, “…and were made partakers of the Holy Ghost… .” Obviously no man can be partakers of God, they were partakers of the power from the Holy Spirit.

And, as mentioned above on the section on the Holy Spirit in  the office  of Jehovah,  Romans 15:19 tells us quite specifically that  the “mighty signs and wonders” were “by the power from the Holy Spirit”.   That verse reads, “Through mighty signs and wonders, by the power of the Spirit of God… .”  The “of” in the phrase, “the power of the Spirit of God” is the Genitive of Origin, i.e. the power from the Holy Spirit.

I believe that the student of God’s Word will have a better understanding of the Holy Spirit once he/she understands that God does not “come upon”, nor is He “poured out”, nor is one “filled” with Him. It is also helpful to note that every time one receives that power, it is told in the context exactly what that power was to accomplish, i.e. to prophecy, or to judge or to lead in battle etc. . Let us look at all the passages  in the Bible that speak of power from the Holy Spirit in order that we might understand our topic better.

It is also interesting to note that in almost every case, the reason that the Holy Spirit gives of His power is given in the immediate context.

Ex. 28:3, “And thou shalt speak unto the wise hearted, whom I have filled with the spirit of wisdom that they make Aaron’s garments….…”.

Is. 29:10, “For Jehovah hath poured out upon you the spirit of deep sleep, and hath closed your eyes: the prophets and your rulers, the seers hath He covered.”  Obviously, he slept.

Ex. 31:3, “And I have filled him with the spirit of God, in wisdom and in knowledge and in all manner of workmanship”.  Certain men were filled with power from the Holy Spirit in order that they might build those things that were required for the tabernacle. I believe that the “of” in the phrase “spirit of God” is the Genitive of Origin, i.e. the spirit came from God.

Ex. 35:31, “And He hath filled him with the spirit of God, in wisdom, in understanding…..and in all manner of workmanship.” Please see the note on Ex. 31:3 quoted above.

Nu. 11:17, “….And I will take of the spirit which is upon thee and put it upon them…”. The context will show that the spirit of this verse is the spirit of leadership which was taken from Moses and given to seventy men who would share the burden of leadership, i.e. they were filled with power from the Holy Spirit so that they could lead.

Nu. 11:25, “And Jehovah came down in a cloud, and spake unto him, and took of the spirit that was upon him, and gave it unto the seventy elders: and it came to pass, that when the spirit rested upon them, they prophesied and did not cease”. Please see note on Nu. 11:17.

Nu. 11:26, “But there remained two of the men in the camp….and the spirit rested on them…..and they prophesied in the camp”. We have in this verse a kind of formula. That is to say, whenever we read of the spirit resting on one, or filling one, or coming upon one, the context will usually show the consequence of the Holy Spirit’s power being given. In this case the consequence of the power from the Holy Spirit resting was that they prophesied.

Nu. 11:29, “And Moses said unto him. Enviest thou for my sake? would God that all the Lord’s people were prophets, and that the Lord would put His Spirit upon them’”. In this verse it is clear that the power of the Holy Spirit enabled one to prophecy.

Nu. 24:2-3, “…..and the spirit of God came upon him and he took up his parable and said….”. Here again, the power from the Holy Spirit enables one to prophecy.

Deut. 34:9, “And Joshua, the son of Nun was full of the spirit of wisdom; for Moses had laid his hands on him”. The consequence of Moses laying hands was that Joshua received power from the Holy Spirit so that he was filled with wisdom.

Judges 3:10, “And the Spirit of Jehovah came upon him and he judged Israel and went out to war….”. I believe that the “of” in the phrase “spirit of Jehovah” is the Genitive of Origin, i.e. the Spirit came from Jehovah.

Judges 6:34, “But the Spirit of Jehovah came upon Gideon and he blew a trumpet and Abi-dzer was gathered after him”. Please see the note on Judges 3:10.

Judges 11:29, “Then the Spirit of Jehovah came upon Jephthah and he passed over Gilead….unto the children of Ammon”. Please see the note on Judges 3:10.

Judges 14:6, “And the Spirit of Jehovah came mightily upon him (Samson), and he rent him (a lion,vs. 5) as he would have rent a kid, and he had nothing in his hand”. Please see the note on Judges 3:10.

Judges 14:19, “And the Spirit of Jehovah came upon him and he went down ….and slew thirty men of them….”. Please see the note on Judges 3:10.

Judges 15:14, “…And the Spirit of Jehovah came mightily upon him and the cords that were upon his arms became as flax from off his hands”. Please see the note on Judges 3:10.

I Sam. 10:6, “And the Spirit of Jehovah will come upon thee and thou shalt prophecy…”. Please see the note on Judges 3:10.

I Sam. 10:10, “….and the Spirit of Elohim came upon him (Saul) and he prophesied….”.

I Sam. 11:6, “And the Spirit of Elohim came upon Saul ….and his anger was kindled greatly”.

I Sam. 16:13, “and the Spirit of Jehovah came upon David from that day forward….”.  Indicates a continuing manifestation of the power from the Holy Spirit.

I Sam. 16:14-15, “But the Spirit of Jehovah departed from Saul and an evil spirit from Jehovah troubled him. And Saul’s servants said unto him, ‘Behold now an evil spirit from Elohim troubleth thee”.

I Sam. 19:20, “….the Spirit of Elohim was upon the messengers of Saul, and they also prophesied…”. Please see the note on I Sam. 11:6.

I Sam. 19:23, “….and the Spirit of Elohim was upon him also and he went on and prophesied….”. Please see the note on I Sam. 11:6.

II Sam. 23:2, “The Spirit of Jehovah spake by me, and His word was in my tongue”. Please see the note on Judges 3:10.

II Kings 2:9, “…Elijah said to Elisha, ‘Ask what I shall do for thee, before I be taken away from thee.’ And Elisha said, ‘I pray thee, let a double portion of thy spirit be upon me”. Obviously this was to carry on the work of Elijah.

II Kings. 2:15, “And when the sons of the prophets which were to view at Jericho saw him they said, ‘The spirit of Elijah doth rest on Elishah ‘”  See note on II Kings 2:9.The power from the Holy Spirit was manifested by their ability to prophecy.

I Chron. 12:18, “Then the Spirit came upon Amasai, who was chief of the captains, and he said, ‘Thine are we David….’”. The power from the Holy Spirit came upon Amasai which led him to pledge his allegiance to David.

II Chron. 15:1-2, “And the Spirit of Elohim came upon Azariah the son of Oded. And he went out to Asa, and said unto him, ‘Hear ye me, Asa, and all Judah and Benjamin; Jehovah is with you, while ye be with Him….”. Please see the note on I Sam. 11:6.

II Chron. 20:14-15, “Then upon Zahaziel ……came the Spirit of Jehovah ….and said ‘Hearken ye all Judah….”. Please see the note on Judges 3:10.

II Chron. 24:20, “And the Spirit of Elohim came upon Zechariah….. and said unto them, ‘Thus saith Elohim, ‘Why transgress ye the commandments of Jehevoah….?’ Please see the note on I Sam. 11:6.

Prov. 1:23, “….Behold I will pour out my spirit unto you; I will make known my words”

Is. 11:2, “And the Spirit of Jehovah shall rest upon Him, the spirit of wisdom and understanding, the spirit of counsel and might, the spirit of knowledge and of the fear of Jehovah.” I believe that the “of” in the phrase, “the Spirit of Jehovah” is the Genitive of Origin, i.e. the Spirit from Jehovah. The “Him” of this verse is, of course, Christ. Because power from the Holy Spirit rested on Him He had miraculous wisdom, understanding etc. .

Is. 32:14-15, “Because the palaces shall be forsaken; the multitude of the city shall be left, the forts and towers shall be for dens……until the spirit be poured upon us from on high, and the wilderness be a fruitful field.” I believe this is a parallel passage to Joel 2:28 which also is an end time prophecy. In Joel the manifestations of that power from the Holy Spirit are declared.

Is. 42:1, “Behold My Servant, Whom I uphold; Mine elect in Whom My soul delighteth; I have put My spirit upon Him; He shall bring forth judgment to the Gentiles”.

Is. 44:3, For I will pour water upon him that is thirsty, and floods upon the dry grounds: I will pour My spirit upon thy seed, and My blessing upon thine offspring.”.

Is. 59:21, “…..My spirit that is upon thee, and My words which I have put in thy mouth, shall not depart out of thy mouth, nor out of the mouth of thy seed…. .” This is the power from the Holy Spirit that is “upon” the prophet so that he might prophecy.

Is. 61:1, “The Spirit of Jehovah Adonai is upon Me; because Jehovah hath anointed Me to preach good tidings unto the meek….”. Please see note above on Judges 3:10.

Is. 63:11-12, “Then He remembered the days of old, Moses, and His People, saying, ‘Where is He That brought them up out of the sea, with the shepherd of His flock? where is He That put His Holy Spirit within him? That led them by the right hand of Moses with His glorious arm dividing the water before them to make Himself an everlasting name.” In this verse the “Holy Spirit within” Moses is said to have led Israel. This is power from the Holy Spirit made manifest as Moses led Israel. .

Ezek. 2:2, “And the Spirit entered into me when He spake unto me, and set me upon my feet, that I heard Him That spake unto me”.

Ezek. 3:24, “Then the Spirit entered into me and set me upon my feet….”

Ezek. 11:5, “And the Spirit of Jehovah fell on me and said unto me, ‘Speak’…” Please see the note on Judges 3:10.

Joel 2:28-29, “And it shall come to pass afterward, that I will pour out My spirit upon all flesh; and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, ….and also upon the servants and upon the handmaids in those days will I pour out My spirit”.

Matt. 3:11, “….He shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost and with fire.”  As the paper on this web-site will prove from Scripture, the purpose of baptism was to identify those who were God’s servants. Because the one being baptized was baptized unto service to God, it is understandable that they would receive power from the Holy Ghost in their service to Him. And that is exactly what was received upon baptism, i.e. power from the Holy Spirit. Again, as in the Old Testament, we have here the figure of speech Metonymy of the Cause. The Cause is the Holy Spirit, the effect is being baptized with the power from the Holy Spirit. The manifestations of that power are not in evidence in the immediate context, but it is clear that Christ’s followers manifest that power, especially in the Acts period as recorded in Acts 2 and I Cor. 12. Also, see note on Jn. 7:38-39.

Matt. 12:18, “….I will put My Spirit upon Him and He shall shew judgment to the Gentiles.”

Matt. 12:28-12, “But if I cast out devils by the Spirit of God, then the kingdom of God is come unto you….and He will thoroughly purge His floor and gather His wheat.” The “of” in the phrase “Spirit of God”, is, in my opinion, the Genitive of Origin, i.e. the spirit from God. Again, we have here the figure of speech Metonymy of the Cause. The Cause is God in His office of the Holy Spirit, the effect is being baptized with the power from the Holy Spirit.

Mark 1:8, “…He shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost.” Please see note on Matt. 3:11.

Luke 1:15-16, “…and he shall be filled with the Holy Ghost, even from his mother’s womb. and many of the children of Israel shall return to the Lord their God.” Just as in the Old Testament where we read of one being filled with power from the Holy Spirit in order to accomplish a specific act, so too in the New Testament certain ones were filled with power from the Holy Spirit in order to accomplish the specific act for which they were filled. In this case that act is given in verse 16.

Luke 1:67, “And Zacharias his father was filled with the Holy Ghost, and prophesied, saying….” Please see the note on Luke 1:15-16. Note that the reason the power was given, i.e. to prophecy, is mentioned in this very verse.

Luke 2:25-27, “And behold, there was a man in Jerusalem whose name was Simeon; and the same man was just and devout, waiting for the consolation of Israel, and the Holy Ghost was upon him, and it was revealed unto him that by the Holy Ghost that he should not see death before he had seen the Lord’s Christ”.

Luke 3:16, “…..He shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost and with fire.” Please see note on Matt. 3:11.

Luke 4:18, “And the Spirit of the Lord was upon Me, because He hath anointed Me to preach the gospel to the poor, He hath sent Me to heal the brokenhearted, to preach deliverance to the captives, and recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty them that are bruised, to preach the acceptable year of the Lord.” Here too, we are given the results of the power from the Holy Spirit being upon the Lord. Note the word “because” in the phrase “the Spirit of the Lord was upon Me because... .” In other words, because Christ was sent to preach the gospel etc. He received the power from the Holy Spirit in order to fulfill those things for which He was sent to accomplish.

Luke 11:13, “….how much more shall the Father give the Holy Spirit to them that ask Him?” The context concerns gifts that are given by earthly fathers, and the contrast is made then with the gifts given by the heavenly Father.

Jn. 1:33, “….the same is He which baptizeth with the Holy Ghost.” Please see note on Matt. 3:11.

Jn. 3:34, “For He Whom God hath sent speaketh the words of God, for God giveth not the Spirit by measure unto Him.” Because the Person of the Holy Spirit cannot be given by measure, I believe this refers to the power from the Holy Spirit.

Jn. 7:38-39, “He that believeth on Me, as the Scripture hath said, ‘out of His belly shall flow rivers of the living water.’ But this spake He of the Spirit Which they that believe on Him should receive: for the Holy Ghost was not yet given; because Jesus was not yet glorified.”  Because the power had not yet been given, there were no manifestations until they were given.  Again, God in His office of Holy Spirit is not given, but He does give His power. Note also that we read in Acts 1:4-5, “…..wait for the promise of the Father…for John truly baptized with water; but ye shall be baptized with the Holy Ghost not many days hence”.

Jn. 20:22, “….He breathed on them and saith unto them, ‘Receive ye the Holy Ghost.” This was not the Holy Spirit as Comforter that was given at this time because Christ had not yet returned to the Father, i.e. He had not yet ascended. This was power from the Holy Spirit (please see note one Luke 1:15-16). We read in Jn. 20:23 just what the purpose was for this receiving of the power from the Holy Spirit, “Whose soever sins ye remit they are remitted unto them; and whosesoever sins ye retain, they are retained”. The remittance of sins was not one of the reasons that the Comforter was sent to the apostles.

It should be noted however that this event occurred before Christ’s ascension and before they were all “filled with the holy spirit” in Acts 2. I will quote Dr. E. W. Bullinger’s comment on this passage, It read, “The firstfruits of the resurrection bestows the firstfruits of the Spirit….”).

Acts 1:5, “….ye shall be baptized with the Holy Ghost not many days hence.” Please see note on Matt. 3:11.

Acts 1:8, “But ye shall receive power after the Holy Ghost is come unto you”.… Please see note on Matt. 3:11.

Acts 2:4a, “And they were all filled with the Holy Ghost and began to speak with other tongues… .” Please see note on Luke 1:15-16,

Acts 2:17,”…..I will pour out My spirit upon all flesh… .” Please see note on Luke 1:15-16,

Acts 2:18, “….I will pour out My spirit and they shall prophecy… .” Please see note on Luke 1:15-16′

Acts 2:33,”and having received of the Father the promise of the Holy Ghost (power from the Holy Spirit) He hath shed forth this which you now see and hear”. What Peter’s audience had seen and heard on that occasion was the Holy Spirit filling them with His power so that they spoke in tongues.

Acts 2:38, “….repent….and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost.” The power is not yet received, so it is, of course, not yet manifested.  The “of” is the Genitive of Origin, so the “gift” of the Holy Spirit is the power from the Holy Spirit.

Acts 4:8, “Then Peter, filled with the Holy Ghost said unto them.. .”  I believe that they were filled by the Holy Ghost. Please see note on Luke 1:15-16,

Acts 4:31, “….they were all filled with the Holy Ghost and they spake the word of God with boldness.”  One is not filled with God, I believe they were filled with power from the Holy Spirit. This is yet another example of the use of the figure of speech Metonymy of Cause, i.e. the Holy Spirit was the cause and the receiving of power from the Holy Spirit was the effect.

Acts 6:3, “….look ye out among you seven men who are full of the Holy Ghost and wisdom…. .” The manifestations of the power from the Holy Spirit had already been seen, proving that these men were indeed filled with that power. Please see note on Luke 1:15-16,

Acts 6:5, “…they chose Stephen, full of faith and of the Holy Ghost….” Please see note on Acts 6:3.

Acts 6:10, “And they were not able to resist the wisdom and the spirit by which he spake.” The fact that Stephen spoke “by” the spirit implies power from the Holy Spirit.

Acts 7:55, “But he being full of the Holy Ghost looked up steadfastly to heaven and saw the glory of God… .” Please see note on Luke 1:15-16,

Acts 8:15-19, “Who when they were come down, prayed for them that they might receive the Holy Ghost: (for as yet He was fallen upon none of them; only they were baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus). Then they laid their hands on them and they received the Holy Ghost. And when Simon saw that through laying on of the apostles hands the Holy Ghost (power from the Holy Ghost) was given, he offered them money, saying, ‘ Give me also this power, that on whomsoever I lay hands, that he may receive the Holy Ghost (power from the Holy Ghost)’”. Obviously, because spirit is by definition invisible, Simon must have seen evidence of the power from the Holy Spirit not recorded in this context.

Acts 9:17-18, “….the Lord, even Jesus…….hath sent me that thou mightest receive thy sight and be filled with the Holy Ghost….and immediately……. he received sight.”  Please see note on Luke 1:15-16,

Acts 10:38, “How God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Ghost and with power… .”. The manifestations of that power is, in part, the subject of the Gospels. The Greek word translated “and” in the phrase “with the Holy Ghost and with power” is “kai” and is often translated “even”. In my opinion, is should be translated “even” in this verse, so it should read, “with the Holy Ghost even with power”. Please see note on Luke 1:15-16,

Acts 10:44-46, “as Peter spake these words, the Holy Ghost fell on them that heard the word” and  they spoke with tongues (vs. 46).” Please see note on Luke 1:15-16,

Acts 10:47, “Can any man forbid water, that these should not be baptized which have received the Holy Ghost.. .” This is in reference to those who had spoken in tongues. Please see note on Luke 1:15-16,

Acts 11:15, “And as I began to speak the Holy Ghost fell on them as on us at the beginning”  Please see note on Luke 1:15-16,

Acts 11:16, “Then I remembered the word of the Lord, how that He said, ‘John indeed baptized with water; but ye shall be baptized with the Holy Ghost.” Please see note on Matt. 3:11.

Acts 11:24, “For he was a good man, full of the Holy Ghost and of faith.. .” Please see note on Luke 1:15-16.

Acts 13:9, “Then Saul….filled with the Holy Ghost set his eyes on him and said…. .” Please see note on Luke 1:15-16.

Acts 13:52, “And the disciples were filled with joy and with the Holy Ghost.” Please see note on Luke 1:15-16.

Acts 15:8, “And God….bare them witness, giving them the Holy Ghost, even as He did unto us.” Please see note on Luke 1:15-16.

Acts 19:2, “And he said unto them, ‘Have ye received the Holy Ghost, since ye believed?’ And they said unto him, ‘We have not so much as heard whether there be any Holy Ghost’. …. .” Acts 19:6, “And when Paul laid his hands upon them the Holy Ghost came on them and they spake with tongues.” The phrase “came on them” in verse 6 makes it clear that it was the power from the Holy Spirit, as God, in His office of Holy Spirit does not come on a person.

Romans 15:13, “…that ye may abound in hope through the power of the Holy Ghost.” I believe the “of” in the phrase, “power of the Holy Ghost” is the Genitive of Origin. So that phrase should read, “…that ye may abound in hope through the power from the Holy Ghost. (Please see  Romans 15:19.)

Romans 15:19, “Through mighty signs and wonders, by the power of the Spirit of God… .” Again, I believe the “of” in the phrase, “the power of the Spirit of God” is the Genitive of Origin, i.e. the power from the Holy Spirit. Here we are told quite specifically that the “mighty signs and wonders “were by the power from the Holy Spirit”.  It was the power from the Holy Spirit with which one was filled, not with God.

I Cor. 2:4, “But my preaching was…….in demonstration of the Spirit and of power.” This is the power from the Holy Spirit which was in evidence throughout Paul’s ministry, The Greek word translated “and” in the phrase “and of power” is “kai” and could be, and in my opinion, should be translated “even” in this verse. So that phrase should read, “demonstration of the Spirit, even of power.” In other words, Paul’s preaching was in demonstration of the power from the Holy Spirit.

I Cor. 14:2, ” He that speaketh in an unknown tongue speaketh not unto men but unto God……..howbeit, in the Spirit he speaketh mysteries ” The mysteries are spoken as a result of a gift from the Holy Spirit, in the same way that in Acts 2:4 they spoke in tongues as the “Spirit (the Holy Spirit) gave them utterance” from having received that gift from the Holy Spirit..

I Cor. 14:14-16, “For if I speak in an unknown tongue, my spirit prayeth, but my understanding is unfruitful. What is it then? I will pray with the spirit, and I will pray with the understanding also, I will sing with the spirit, and I will sing with the understanding also.. Else when thou shalt bless with the spirit, how shall he that occupieth the room of the unlearned say , ‘Amen’”…. .” To speak in an “unknown tongue” is one of the many results of being filled with the power from the Holy Spirit.

Gal. 3:5, “He therefore That ministereth to you the Spirit, and worketh miracles among you, doeth He it by the works of the law or by the hearing of faith?” Add the ellipsis, “ministereth to you the power of the Spirit”. This ministering is explained in the next phrase, “and worketh miracles among you”.

Heb. 6:4, “…and were made partakers of the Holy Ghost… .” Obviously no man can be partakers of God, they were partakers of the power from the Holy Spirit.

I Peter 1:12b, “they did minister the things which are now reported unto you by them that have preached the gospel unto you with the Holy Ghost sent down from heaven… .”

IV) The New Nature

We read in Eph. 4:22-24, “That ye put off concerning the former conversation the old man, which is corrupt according to the deceitful lusts; and be renewed in the spirit of your mind; and that ye put on the new man, which after God is created in righteousness and true holiness.” The note in the Companion Bible on the word “renewed” in the phrase “be renewed in the spirit of your mind” reads, “Occurs frequently in the Apocrypha. Implies that the whole course of life now flows in a different direction”.

The “old man” of verse 22 is obviously the old nature, therefore the “new man” of verse 24 is the new nature. I believe that as we consider several verses that speak of this new nature, it will help clarify how the believer is blessed by this new nature. (We must bear in mind that the upper case “H’ and “G” in the term “Holy Ghost” are interpretations, they are not part of the Greek texts because the Greek rarely used upper case letters.)

Consider for example, I Cor. 2:12-14, “Now we have received not the spirit of the world, but the spirit which is of God; that we might know the things that are freely given to us of God.” So one of the blessings we receive from having the new nature, which is given us from God, is that we may know the things that are from God.

Let us now consider all the verses in the Word of God that I believe speak of the new nature.

Gen. 41:38, “And Pharaoh said unto his servants, ‘Can we find such a one as this is, a man in whom the spirit of God is?” I believe that the “of” in the phrase”spirit of God” is the Genitive of Origin, i.e. the spirit from God.

Nu. 14:23-24, “Surely they shall not see the land which I sware unto their fathers…..but My servant Caleb, because he had another (a different) spirit with him, and hath followed Me fully, him will I bring into the land….”. The new nature is given only to those who are believers. Obviously, Caleb had proven himself to be a believer.

Job 32:8, “But there is a spirit in man, and the inspiration of the ALMIGHTY giveth them understanding”.

Ps. 51:10-12, “Create in me a right heart O God; and renew a right spirit within me. ……….. Restore unto me the joy of thy salvation; and uphold me with Thy free spirit”. (Companion Bible has, “with a spirit of willing and unforced obedience”).

Is. 26:9, “With my soul have I desired Thee in the night; yea, with my spirit within me will I seek thee early… .”

Ezek. 11:19, “And I will give them one heart, and I will put a new spirit within you….”.

Ezek. 18:31, “Cast away from you all your transgressions, whereby ye have transgressed: and make you a new heart and a new spirit: for why will ye die, O house of Israel?”

Ezek. 36:26-27, “A new heart also will I give you, and a new spirit will I put within you: and I will take away the stoney heart out of your flesh, and I will give you an heart of flesh, and I will put My spirit within you, and cause you to walk in My statutes, and ye shall keep My judgments, and do them”.

Jn. 3:5-6, “…Except a man be born of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God. That which is born of the flesh is flesh and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit.” That which is born of the Spirit is the new nature.

Jn. 4:23-24, “…the true worshipers shall worship the Father in spirit and in truth…..God is spirit, and they that worship Him must worship Him in spirit.”

Romans 1:9, “For God is my witness Whom I serve in my spirit… .”

Romans 5:5, “…because the love of God is shed abroad in our hearts by the Holy Ghost which is given unto us.” We must bear in mind that the upper case “H’ and “G” in the term “Holy Ghost” are interpretations, they are not part of the Greek texts because the Greek rarely uses upper case letters. Because this has to do with the love of God, rather than with miraculous gifts, I believe that it is the new nature that is referred to in this verse rather than power from the Holy Spirit”. But  as we saw in the section on power from the Holy Spirit, here too we see the figure of speech Metonymy of the Cause, i.e. the cause is put for the effect.  In Romans 5:5  the cause is the Holy Ghost which  is put for the effect, i.e. the new nature.

Romans 8:1, “There is therefore now no condemnation to them which are in Christ Jesus, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit.” Note the contrast is  between walking after the flesh and walking after the spirit. I believe that contrast tells us that we should live in accordance with the new nature and not in accordance with the flesh. In other words, the contrast is between the old and new nature in man, not between the flesh and God in His office of Holy Spirit.

Romans 8:2, “For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus hath made me free from the law of sin and death.” The “spirit of life” is put in contrast to the “sin and death”.  This contrast points, in my opinion, to the new nature. The contrast is not between the Holy Spirit and death, it is the contrast between that which gives life (the new nature) and that which leads to death, the old nature.  (See Rom. 8:9-11 quoted below.)

Romans 8:4, “That the righteousness of the law might be fulfilled in us who walk not after the flesh but after the spirit.” Here too the contrast between the flesh and the spirit leads me to conclude that the spirit is the new nature.

Romans 8:5, “….but they that after the Spirit, the things of the Spirit.”

Romans 8:9-11, “But ye are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit, if the Spirit of God dwell in you. Now, if any man have not the Spirit of Christ, he is none of Him. ….but Spirit is life because of righteousness. But if the Spirit of Him That raised up Jesus from the dead dwell in you, He That raised up Christ from the dead shall also quicken you mortal bodies by His spirit That dwelleth in you.”

Romans 8:13-16, “…but if ye through the Spirit (the new nature) mortify the deeds of the body, ye shall live. For as many as are led by the Spirit of God (the Holy Spirit), they are the sons of God, for ye have not received the spirit (the attitude) of bondage again to fear: but ye have received the Spirit (the new nature) of adoption, whereby we cry ‘Abba Father’. The Spirit Itself (the Holy Spirit) beareth witness with our spirit (the new nature), that we are the children.”

Romans 8:22-23, “For we know that the whole creation groaneth and travaileth in pain together until now: and not only they, but ourselves also, which have the firstfruits of the Spirit (the firstfruit of the Holy Spirit is the new nature), even we ourselves groan within ourselves waiting for the adoption to wit, the redemption of our body.”

Romans 9:1, “…my conscience also bearing witness in the Holy Ghost… .”  The Greek preposition translated “in” in the phrase  “also bearing witness in the Holy Ghost”  is “en” and, according to the Companion Bible”has sometimes the force of ‘by'”. The  NRSV has, “my conscience confirms it by the Holy Spirit”.  In other words Paul’s conscience is proved correct by the new nature.

I Cor. 2:12, “Now we have received not the spirit of the world, but the spirit which is of God; that we might know the things that are freely given to us of God.

I Cor. 6:19, “What? know ye not that your body is the Temple of the Holy Ghost which is in you, which ye have of God, and ye are not your own. For ye are bought with a price; therefore, glorify God in your body, and in your spirit which are God’s.” The “of” in the phrase “which ye have of God” is, in my opinion, the Genitive of Origin, i.e. “which ye have from God”.

I Cor. 7:40, “….I think also that I have the Spirit of God.” (Add the ellipsis, “in this matter”). I believe the “of” in the phrase, “I have the Spirit of God” is the Genitive of Origin, i.e. spirit from God. In other words, Paul is saying that he is preaching in accordance with the spirit that God gave to him, i.e. the new nature.

I Cor. 12:3, “….no man speaking by the Spirit of God calleth Jesus accursed: and that no man can say that Jesus is the Lord, but by the Holy Ghost. I believe the “of” in the phrase, “Spirit of God” is the Genitive of Origin, i.e. the spirit from God.

II Cor. 1:22, “Who hath also sealed us and given us the earnest of the Spirit in our hearts.” The earnest of the Spirit is the new nature given us by the Holy Spirit.

II Cor. 4:13, “…we having the same spirit of faith… .”

II Cor. 5:5, “…Who also hath given unto us the earnest of the Spirit.”

II Cor. 6:4-6, “But by all these things proving ourselves ministers of God…….by kindness, by the Holy Ghost, by love unfeigned.. .” I do not believe that the Person of God i n His office of Holy Spirit would be in a list that included kindness and love.  But the new nature allows us to be kind and loving.

Gal. 3:2, “….Received ye the Spirit by the works of the law, or by the hearing of faith?”

Gal. 3:3, “Are ye so foolish? having begun in the spirit, are ye now made perfect by the flesh?” Again, the contrast between spirit and flesh leads me to conclude that it is the new nature that is meant.

Gal.4:6, “And because we are sons, God hath sent forth the Spirit of His Son into your hearts… .”

Gal. 5:5, “For we through the Spirit hope for the righteousness by faith.”

Gal. 5:16-18, “Walk in the spirit and ye shall not fulfill the lusts of the flesh. For the flesh lusteth against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh: and these are contrary the one to the other….But if ye be led by the Spirit you are not under the law.” Note again the contrast between spirit and flesh.

Gal. 5:22, “But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy peace… .”

Gal. 5:25, “If we live in the Spirit, let us also walk in the spirit.”

Gal. 6:8, “…he that soweth to the Spirit shall reap of the Spirit life everlasting.”

Eph. 2:22, “In whom ye also are builded together for an habitation of God through the Spirit.”  This verse tells us that as a church we are an habitation of God through the new nature that dwells in each of us.

Eph. 4:23, “And be renewed in the spirit of your mind.” Verse 24, “and that ye put on the new man…. .”

Eph. 5:9, “For the fruit of the Spirit is in all goodness in righteousness and truth.”

Eph. 6:18, “praying always with all prayer and supplication in the Spirit….. .” The Greek preposition translated “in” in the phrase,”in the spirit” is “en” and, according to the definition in the Companion Bible “has sometimes the force of ‘by’, denoting the instrument”. In other words, we pray by or through the new nature.

Phil.1:19, “For I know that this shall turn to my salvation through your prayer and the supply of the Spirit of Jesus Christ.” (The Companion Bible suggests it is the “mind of Jesus Christ”. I Cor. 2:16, “we have the mind of Christ”.)

Phil. 2:1, “…if any fellowship of the Spirit… .”

Phil. 3:3, “For we are the circumcision which worship God in the spirit… .”

Col. 1:8, “Who also declared unto us your love in the spirit.”

I Thess. 4:8, “…God who has also given us His holy Spirit.”

I Thess. 5:19, “Quench not the Spirit.”

I Peter 1:22, “Seeing ye have purified your souls in obeying the truth through the Spirit..”

I Peter 4:6, “….that they might be judged according to men in the flesh, but live according to God in the spirit.”

I Peter 4:14, “….for the spirit of glory and of God resteth upon you.. .”

I Jn. 3:24, “….hereby we know that He abideth in us, by the Spirit which He hath given us.”

Jude 19-20, “These be they who separate themselves, sensual, having not the Spirit. But ye beloved, building up yourselves on your most holy faith, praying in the Holy Ghost.”

V) Spirit of Man

A. THE SPIRIT THAT GIVES LIFE

The Hebrew word “ruach” which is so often translated “spirit” is also often translated “breath” in reference to the breath of life.

Gen. 6:17 and 7:15, “And behold, I, even I, do bring a flood of waters upon the earth, to destroy all flesh, wherein is the breath (“ruach”) of life from under heaven….”.

Gen. 7:22, “All in whose nostrils was the breath  (“ruach”)  of life ….died”.

Nu. 16:22, “And they fell upon their faces, and said, ‘O God, the God of the spirits of all flesh…..”. The “spirits of all flesh” is the breath of life

Nu. 27:16, “Let Jehovah Elohim of the spirits of all flesh, set a man over the congregation.” Please see not above on Nu. 16:22.

Job 12:10, “In Whose hand is the soul of every living thing, and the breath (“ruach”) of all mankind.”

Job 17:1, “My breath (“ruach”) is corrupt, my days are extinct… .”

Job 34:14, “If He set His heart upon man, if He gather unto Himself his spirit, man shall turn again unto dust.”

Ps. 104:29, “….Thou takest away their breath (“ruach”) and they return to dust.”

Ps. 104:30, “….Thou sendest forth Thy spirit, they are created; and Thou renewst the face of the earth.”

Ps. 135:17, “They have ears, but they hear not; Neither is there any breath (“ruach”) in their mouths.”

Ps. 146:4, “His breath (“ruach”) goeth forth, he returneth to the earth; in that very day his thoughts perish.”

Ecc. 3:19, “For that which befalleth the sons of men befalleth beasts; even one thing befalleth them; as the one dieth, so dieth the other; yea, they have all one breath (“ruach”); so that a man hath no preeminence above a beast, for all is vanity.”

Ecc. 8:8, “There is no man that hath power over the spirit to retain the spirit: neither hath he power in the day of death… .”

Ecc. 11:5, “As thou knowest not what is the way of the spirit, not how the bones do grow in the womb of her that is with child: even so thou knowest not the works of God Who maketh all.”

Ecc. 12:7, “Then shall the dust return to the earth as it was; and the spirit shall return unto God Who gave it.”

Is. 38:16, “O Jehovah, by these things men live, and in all these things is the life of my spirit (“ruach”), so wilt Thou recover me and make me to live?” I believe that the “of” in the phrase, “life of my spirit” is the Genitive of Apposition which is defined in the Companion Bible in part as, “equivalent to , ‘that is to say'”. So that phrase may be understood to say, “in all these things is  life, that is to say, my spirit”.

Is. 42:5, “Thus saith El Jehovah, He That created the heavens and stretched them out; He That spread forth the earth, and that which cometh out of it; He That giveth breath (“ruach”) unto the people upon it, and spirit to them that walk therein.”

Is. 57:16, “For I will not contend for ever, neither will I be always wroth: for the spirit should fail before Me, and the souls which I have made.”

Jer. 10:14, “Every man is brutish in his knowledge; every founder is confounded by the graven image; for his molten image is falsehood, and there is no breath (“ruach”) in them”

Lam. 4:20, “The breath (“ruach”) of our nostrils…. .”

Ezek. 37:5,”Thus saith Jehovah Elohim unto these bones; ‘Behold, I will cause breath (“ruach”) to enter into you, and ye shall live.”.

Ezek. 37:6, “And I will lay sinews upon you, and will bring up flesh upon you……and put breath (“ruach”) in you, and ye shall live….. .”

Ezek. 37:8, “And when I beheld, lo the sinews and the flesh came up upon them, and the skin covered them above; but there was no breath (“ruach”) in them… .”

Ezek. 37:10, “…and the breath  (“ruach”) came into them and they lived…”.

Ezek. 37:14,”And shall put My spirit in you, and ye shall live, and I shall place you in your own land…..”

Hab. 2:19, “….Behold it is layed over with gold and silver, and there is no breath (“ruach”) at all in the midst of it.”

Zech. 12:1, “The burden of the word of Jehovah for Israel, saith Jehovah, Which stretcheth forth the heavens……and formeth the spirit of man within him.”

Mal. 2:15, “And did not He make one? Yet had He the residue of the spirit. And wherefore one? That he might seek a godly seed”. The note in the Companion Bible on the phrase, “Yet had He” reads, “And therefore could have made more than one wife for Adam”. Therefore, the “spirit’ in this verse refers to the spirit that gives life.

Luke 8:55, “and her spirit came again and she rose straighway… .”

I Cor. 15:45, “…the last Man was made a quickening spirit.

James 2:26, “…for as the body without the spirit is dead … .”

Rev. 11:11, “And after three days and an half the Spirit of life from God entered into them and they stood upon their feet… .”

Rev. 13:15, “And he had power to give life unto the image that the image should both speak …. .”

B. THE SPIRIT THAT IS THE PSYCHOLOGICAL ELEMENT OF MAN

Gen. 26:35, “Which were a grief of mind (lit. bitterness of spirit) unto Isaac and Rebekah”.

Gen. 41:8, “And it came to pass in the morning that his spirit was troubled….”.

Gen. 45:27, “……and when he saw the wagons which Joseph had sent to carry him, the spirit of Joseph their father revived”.

Ex. 6:9, “….but they harkened not unto Moses for anguish of spirit….”.

Ex. 35:21, “And they came, every one whose heart stirred him up, and every one whom his spirit made willing….”.

Nu. 5:14, “And the spirit of jealousy come upon him….”. (See also verse 30.)

Deut. 2:30, “….the Lord thy God hardened his spirit and made his heart obstinate….”.

Josh. 2:11, “And as soon as we had heard these things, our hearts did melt, neither did there remain any more courage (Heb. “ruach”)  in any man….”.

Josh. 5:1, “And it came to pass, when all the kings ………heard that the Lord had dried up the waters of Jordan from before the children of Israel until we were passed over, that their heart melted, neither was there spirit in them any more, because of the children of Israel”.

Judges 15:19, “But God clave an hollow place that was in the jaw, and there came water thereout; and when he had drunk, his spirit came again and he revived”.

I Sam. I1:15, “…..I am a woman of a sorrowful spirit….”.

I Sam. 30:12,”…and when he had eaten his spirit came again to him, for he had eaten no bread, nor drunk any water, three days and three nights”.

I Kings 10:4-5, “And when the queen of Sheba had seen all Solomon’s wisdom, and the house that he had built, and the meat of his table, and the sitting of his servants, and the attendance of his ministers…..there was no more spirit in her”.

I Kings 21:5, “….Why is thy spirit so sad that thou eatest no bread?”.

I Chron. 5:26, “And the God of Israel stirred up the spirit of Pul king of Assyria, and the spirit of Tilgath-pilneser king of Assyria and he carried them (Reubenites) away…..”.

II Chron. 9:3-4, “And when the queen of Sheba had seen the wisdom of Solomon, and the house that he had built…….there was no more spirit in her”.

II Chron. 21:16-17, “Moreover Jehovah stirred up against Jehoram the spirit of the Philistines, and of the Arabians, that were near the Ethiopians; and they came up into Judah, and brake into it, and carried away all the substance that was found in the king’s house……”.

II Chron. 36:22, “Now in the first year of Cyrus king of Persia, ……Jehovah stirred up the spirit of Cyrus….that he made a proclamation……”. (See also Ezra 1:1.)

Ezra 1:5, “Then rose up the chief of the fathers of Judah and Benjamin, and the priests….with all them whose spirit Elohim had raised to go up to build the house of Jehovah which is in Jerusalem”.

Job 6:4, “For the arrows of THE ALMIGHTY are within me, the poison whereof drinketh up my spirit….. .”

Job 7:11, “therefore, I will not refrain my mouth: I will speak in the anguish of my spirit: I will complain in the bitterness of my soul.”

Job 10:12, “Thou hast granted me life and favor, and thy visitation hath preserved my spirit.”

Job 15:13, “That thou turnest thy spirit against El, and lettest such words go out of thy mouth.”

Job 19:17, “My breath(“ruach”) is strange to my wife… .”

Job 20:3, “…the spirit of my understanding causes me to answer… .”

Job 21:4, “As for me, is my complaint to man? and if it were so, why should not my spirit be troubled.”

Job 32:18, “…the spirit within me constraineth me.”

Ps. 32:2, “Blessed is the man unto whom Jehovah imputeth not iniquity. and in whose spirit there is no guile.”

Ps. 34:18, “Jehovah is nigh unto them that are of a broken heart; and saveth such as be of a contrite spirit.”

Ps. 51:17, “the sacrifices of God are a broken spirit: a broken and contrite heart, O God, Thou wilt not despise.”

Ps. 77:3, “I remembered God and was troubled, I complained and my spirit was troubled.”

Ps. 77:6, “I call to remembrance my song in the night; I commune with mine own heart: and my spirit made diligent search.”

Ps. 78:8, “…A stubborn and rebellious generation; a generation that set not their heart aright, and whose spirit was not steadfast with Elohim.”.

Ps. 106:32-33, “They angered Him also at the waters of strife, so that it went ill with Moses for their sakes; Because they provoked his spirit, so that he spake unadvisedly with his lips.”.

Ps. 142:3, “When my spirit was overwhelmed within me, then thou knewest my path.”

Ps. 143:4, “Therefore is my spirit overwhelmed within me; My heart within me is desolate.”

Ps. 143:7, “Hear me speedily, O Jehovah, my spirit faileth me.”

Prov. 11:13, “A talebearer revealeth secrets; But he that is of a faithful spirit concealeth the matter.”

Prov. 14:29, “He that is slow to wrath is of great understanding: But he that is hasty of spirit exalteth folly.”

Prov. 15:4, “A wholesome tongue is a tree of life: but perverseness therein is a breach in the spirit,”

Prov. 15:13, “A merry heart maketh a cheerful countenance; But by sorrow of the heart the spirit is broken.”

Prov. 16:2, “All the ways of a man are clean in his own eyes; But Jehovah weigheth the spirits.”

Prov. 16:18-19, “Pride goeth before destruction, and an haughty spirit before a fall. Better it is to be of a humble spirit with the lowly, than to divide the spoil with the proud.”

Prov. 16:32, “He that is slow to anger is better than the mighty; and he that ruleth his spirit than he that taketh a city.”

Prov. 17:22, “A merry heart doeth good like a medicine, But a broken spirit drieth the bones.”

Prov. 17:27, “…a man of understanding is of excellent spirit.”

Prov. 18:14, “The spirit of a man will sustain his infirmity; but a wounded spirit, who can bear?”

Prov. 25:28, “He that hath no rule over his own spirit is like a city that is broken down, and without walls.”

Prov. 29:11, “A fool uttereth all his mind (Heb. “ruach”)…. .”

Prov. 29:23, “A man’s pride shall bring him low, but honor shall uphold the humble in spirit.”

Ecc. 1:14, “I have seen all the works that are done under the sun; and behold, all is vanity and vexation of spirit.”

Ecc. 1:17, “And I gave my heart to know wisdom, and to know madness and folly: I perceived that this also is vexation of spirit.”

Ecc. 2:11, “Then I looked on all the works that my hands had wrought, and on the labour that I had laboured to do; and behold all was vanity and vexation of spirit.” (See also verses 17 and 26.)

Ecc. 4:4, “Again I considered all travail, and every right work, that for this a man is envied of his neighbor. This is also vanity and vexation of spirit.” (See also verse 16.)

Ecc. 4:6, “Better is an handful with quietness, than both the hands full with travail and vexation of spirit.”

Ecc. 6:9, “Better is the sight of the eyes than the wandering of desire: this is also vanity and vexation of spirit.”

Ecc. 7:8, “…the patient in spirit is better than the proud in spirit.”

Ecc. 7:9, “Be not hasty in thy spirit to be angry: for anger resteth in the bosom of fools.”

Ecc. 10:4, “If the spirit of the ruler rise up against thee leave not thy place; for yielding pacifieth great offences.”

Is. 19:3, “And the spirit of Egypt shall fall in the midst thereof: and I will destroy the counsel thereof….”.

Is. 29:24, “They also that erred in spirit shall come to understanding, and they that murmured shall learn doctrine.”

Is. 54:6, “For Jehovah hath called thee as a woman forsaken and grieved in spirit… .”

Is. 57:15, “…I dwell in the high and holy place with him also that is of a contrite and humble spirit: to revive the spirit of the humble and revive the heart of the contrite ones.”

Is. 61:3, “To appoint unto them that mourn in Zion, to give unto them beauty for ashes, the oil of joy for mourning, the garment of praise for the spirit of heaviness….”

Is. 66:2, “…….but to this man will I look, even to him that is poor and of a contrite spirit, and trembleth at My word”.

Jer. 51:11, “Make bright the arrows; gather the shields; Jehovah hath raised up the spirit of the kings of the Medes…..”

Ezek. 3:14b”….and I went in bitterness in the heat of my spirit, but the hand of Jehovah was strong upon me”.

Ezek. 11:5b, “….I know the things that come into your mind (Heb. “ruach”) , every one of them”.

Ezek. 13:3, “…..Woe unto the foolish prophets, that follow their own spirit, and have seen nothing.”

Ezek. 20:32, “And that which cometh into your mind  (Heb. “ruach”)  shall not be at all, that ye say…… .”

Ezek. 21:7, “….and every heart shall melt, and all hands shall be feeble, and every spirit shall faint…. .”

Dan. 2:1, “….Nebuchadnezzar dreamed dreams wherewith his spirit was troubled….”.

Dan. 2:3, “….I have dreamed a dream and my spirit was troubled to know the dream”.

Hosea 4:12, “….for the spirit of whoredoms have caused them to err…”

Hosea 5:4, “…….for the spirit of whoredoms is in the midst of them.. .”

Hosea 9:7, “….the prophet is a fool, the spiritual man (margin, “man of the spirit”) is mad for the multitude of thy iniquity…”

Hab. 1:11, “Then shall his mind  (Heb. “ruach”)  change and he shall pass over and offend… .”

Zech. 12:10, “And I will pour upon the house of David, and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and of supplication….”

Hagg. 1:14, “And Jehovah stirred up the spirit of Zerubbabel…..and the spirit of Joshua…….and the spirit of all the remnant of the People; and they came and did work in the house of Jehovah of hosts….”

Mal. 2:14-16, “Yet ye say, ‘Wherefore? Because Jehovah hath been witness between thee and the wife of thy youth against whom thou hast dealt treacherously: yet is she thy companion, and the wife of thy covenant………..Therefore take heed to your spirit and let none deal treacherously against the wife of his youth.”

Matt. 5:3, “Blessed are the poor in spirit for theirs is the kingdom of Heaven.”

Matt. 26:41, “….the spirit indeed is willing, but the flesh is weak.”

Mark 2:8, “When Jesus perceived in His spirit that they so reasoned… .”

Mark 8:12, “And He sighed deeply in His spirit… .”

Mark 14:38, “…the spirit truly is ready but the flesh is weak.. .”

Luke 1:46-47, “And Mary said, ….. my spirit hath rejoiced in God my saviour.'”

Luke 1:80, “And the children grew and waxed strong in spirit….. ,”

Luke 2:40, “And the Child grew and waxed strong in spirit, filled with wisdom and the grace of God was upon Him.”

Luke 10:21, “In that hour Jesus rejoiced in spirit, and said, ‘I thank thee, O Father, Lord of heaven and earth, that Thou hast hid these things from the wise… .”

Jn. 11:33, “When Jesus therefore saw her weeping……..He groaned in the spirit and was troubled.”

Jn. 13:21, “When Jesus had thus said He was troubled in spirit… .”

Acts 17:16, “…his spirit was stirred in him when he saw the city wholly given to idolatry.”

Acts 18:5, “….Paul was pressed in the spirit and testified to the Jews… .”

Acts 18:25, “…and being ferverent in the spirit he spake and taught…the things of the Lord…..”

Acts 19:21, “…Paul purposed in the spirit….to go to Jerusalem… .”

Romans 2:29, “….circumcision is in the heart and in the spirit, and not in the letter….”

Romans 8:15a, “for ye have not received the spirit of bondage again to fear.”

Romans 11:8, “As it is written, God hath given them the spirit of slumber.. .”

Romans 12:11. “….fervent in spirit, serving the Lord.”

I Cor. 2:11a, “for what man knoweth the things of a man save the spirit of man which is in him… .”

I Cor. 4:21, “…shall I come unto you with a rod, or in love, and in the spirit of meekness?”

I Cor. 5:3-5a, “For I verily am absent in body, but present in spirit, have judged already……and my spirit with the power of our Lord Jesus Christ, to deliver such an one unto Satan, for the destruction of the flesh… .”

I Cor. 6:17, “But he that is joined unto the Lord is one spirit.”

I Cor. 6:20, “For ye are bought with a price; therefore, glorify God in your body, and in your spirit which are God’s.”

I Cor. 7:34, “….that she may be holy both in body and in spirit…. .”

I Cor. 14:32-33, “And the spirits of the prophets are subject to the prophets. For God is not the author of confusion… .”

I Cor. 16:18, “For they have refreshed my spirit, and yours… .”

II Cor. 2:13, “I had no rest in my spirit because I found not Titus, my brother.”

II Cor. 7:1, “…let us cleanse ourselves from all filthiness of the flesh and spirit… .”

II Cor. 7:13, “…his spirit was refreshed by you all.”

II Cor. 12:18, “…walked we not in the same spirit? walked we not in the same steps?”

Gal. 6:1, “..If a man be taken in a fault, ye that are spiritual restore such an one in the spirit of meekness….. .”

Gal. 6:18, “…the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with your spirit.”

Eph. 1:17, …may give unto you the spirit of wisdom and revelation in the knowledge of Him.”

Eph. 2:2, “….the spirit that now worketh in the children of disobedience.”

Phil. 1:27, “stand fast with one spirit, with one mind striving together… .”

Col. 2:5, “Though I am absent in the flesh I am with you in the spirit… .”

I Thess. 5:23, “…and I pray God your whole spirit and soul and body be preserved blameless… .”

II Thes. 2:2, “That ye be not…. troubled, neither in spirit, nor by word, nor by letter as from us… .”

I Tim.. 3:16, “…God was manifest in the flesh, justified in the Spirit, seen of angels.. .” Just as Christ was perfect in the flesh because He is God, so too He was just in the spirit, i.e. everything He thought and felt was just because He is God.

I Tim. 4:12, “…be thou an example …in word, in conversation, in charity, in spirit….. .”

II Tim. 1:7, “For God has not given us the spirit of fear, but of power, of love… .”

II Tim. 4:22, “The Lord Jesus Christ be with thy spirit.”

Philemon 25, “The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with your spirit.”

Heb. 4:12, “For the word of God is a two edged sword….piercing even to the dividing asumder of soul and spirit…. .”

Heb. 12:23, “…to the spirits of just men made perfect.. .”

James 4:5, “…the spirit that dwelleth in us lusteth to envy.. .”

I Peter 3:4, “…the ornament of a meek and quiet spirit… .”

I Jn. 4:6, “….Hereby know we the spirit of truth and the spirit of error… .”

VI) SPIRIT AS OPPOSED TO FLESH OR THE LETTER OF THE LAW

Is. 31:3, “Now the Egyptians are men and not El; and their horses flesh and not spirit.”

Jn. 6:63, “It is the spirit that quickeneth; the flesh profiteth nothing; the words that I speak unto you, they are spirit , and they are life.”

Romans 7:6, “….that we should serve in newness of spirit, not in the oldness of the letter.”

II Cor. 3:3, “Ye are …declared to be the epistles of Christ… written not with ink but with the Spirit of the living God… .”

II Cor. 3:6, “Who also hath made us able ministers of the new testament; not of the letter, but of the spirit, for the letter killeth, but the spirit giveth life.”

II Cor. 3:8-9, “How shall not ministration of the spirit be glorious? For if the ministration of condemnation be glory, much more doth the ministration of righteousness exceed in glory.”

Gal. 4:29, “…he that was born after the flesh persecuted him that was born after the Spirit… .” See verse 23, “But he who was of the bondwoman was born after the flesh, but he of the freewoman, was by promise.” What does it mean to be “born after the Spirit”? The promise came from God. So to be born after the Spirit means to be born in accordance with God’s promise. That promise was, of course to Abraham that he would have a son despite the fact that he and his wife were to old to do so.

I Jn. 4:1, “Beloved, believe not every spirit, but try the spirits whether they are of God… .”

I Jn. 4:2, “Hereby know ye the Spirit of God: every spirit that confesses that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh is of God”.

I Jn. 4:3a, “And every spirit that confesseth not that Jesus Christ is come is not of God… .”

VII) Spirit as a Driving force

Is.. 4:4, “When Jehovah shall have washed away the filth of the daughters of Zion, and shall have purged the blood of Jerusalem from the midst thereof by the spirit of judgment, and by the spirit of turning.”

Is. 19:14, “Jehovah hath mingled a perverse spirit in the midst thereof…”.

Is. 28:5-6, “In that day shall Jehovah of hosts be for a crown of glory…..and for Spirit of judgment to him that sitteth in judgment…”.

Luke 1:17, “and he shall go before Him in the spirit and the power of Elias… .”

Acts 19:21, “…Paul purposed in the spirit….to go to Jerusalem… .”

Acts 20:22, “And now behold, I go bound in the spirit unto Jerusalem… .”

Rev. 19:10, “….worship God; for the testimony of Jesus is the spirit of prophecy.. .”

III) “Spirit” Used as a Figure of Speech for a Person’s Life

Ps. 31:5, “Into Thy hand I commit My spirit… .” “Spirit” is used as the figure of speech Metonymy of Adjunct where something pertaining to the subject is put for the subject itself. In this verse “spirit” is put for one’s self. In other words the literal meaning is “Into Thy hand I commit Myself”.

Ps. 76:12, “He shall cut off the spirit of princes, He is terrible to the kings of the earth.”

Luke 23:46, “…Father, unto Thy hands I commend My spirit… .”

Jn. 19:30, “….He bowed His head and gave up the ghost.” As we compare this verse with Ecc. 8:8 we shall see how Jn. 19:30 proves that Christ was fully God, even as He died on the cross. Ecc. 8:8 reads, “There is no man that hath power over the spirit to retain the spirit: neither hath he power in the day of death… .”

Acts 7:59. “….calling upon God and saying, ‘Lord Jesus receive my spirit.”

I Cor. 5:5b, “that the spirit may be saved in the day of the Lord Jesus.”

IX) Spirit Beings

I Kings 22:19-24, “And he said, ‘Hear thou therefore the word of Jehovah: I saw Jehovah sitting on His throne, and all the host of heaven standing by Him on His right hand and on the left, And Jehovah said, ‘Who shall persuade Ahab, that he may go up and fall at Ramoth-gilead? And one said on this manner, and another  on that manner. And there came forth a spirit, and stood before Jehovah, and said, ‘I will persuade him’. And Jehovah said unto him, ‘Wherewith? And he said, I will go forth, and I will be a lying spirit in the mouth of all his prophets’. And He said, ‘Thou shalt persuade him, and prevail also: go forth and do so. Now therefore, behold, Jehovah hath put a lying spirit in the mouth of all these thy prophets, and Jehvoah hath spoken evil concerning thee. But Zedekiah …..went…..and said, ‘Which way went the Spirt of Jehovah?” (See also II Chron. 18:20-23.)

Ps. 104:4, “Who maketh His angels spirits, His ministers a flaming fire.”

Ezek. 1:12, “And they (four living creatures) went every one straight forward; wither the spirit was to go, they went….”.

Ezek. 1:20, “Whithersoever the spirit was to go, they went, thither was their spirit to go; and the wheels were lifted up over against them; for the spirit of the living creatures was in the wheels.”

Ezek. 10:17, “….for the spirit of the living creature was in them”.

Luke 24:37, “But they were terrified…and supposed that they had seen a spirit… .”

Luke 24:39, “…a spirit hath not flesh and bones as you see Me have… .”

Rev. 1:4, “….from the seven spirits before His throne.”

Rev. 3:1, “….these things saith he that hath the seven Spirits of God… .”

Rev. 3:6, “He that hath the seven Spirits of God… .”

Rev. 4:5, …and there were seven lamps of fire burning before the throne, which are the seven Spirits of God… .”

Rev. 5:6, “….the Lamb as it has been slain, having seven horns and seven eyes, which are the seven Spirits of God sent forth into all the earth.”

X) “Another Spirit”

II Cor. 11:4, “For if he that cometh preacheth another Jesus whom we have not preached, or if ye receive another spirit which ye have not received… .”

XI) Unclean or Evil Spirits

Judges 9:23, “Then God sent an evil spirit between Abimelech and the men of Shechem, and the men of men Shechem dealt treacherously with Abimelech”.

Zech. 13:2, “…. I will cause the prophets and the unclean spirits to pass out of the land”.

I Sam. 16:15, “……..and an evil spirit from Jehovah troubled him. And Saul’s servants said unto him, ‘Behold now an evil spirit from Elohim troubeleth thee”.

I Sam. 16:16, “Let our lord now command thy servants, which are before thee, to seek out a man, who is a cunning player on an harp: and it shall come to pass, when the evil spirit from Elohim is upon thee, that he shall play with his hand, and thou shalt be well”.

I Sam. 16:23, “And it came to pass when the evil spirit from Elohim was upon Saul, that David took an harp, and played with his hand: so Saul was refreshed, and was well, and the evil spirit departed from him”.

I Sam. 18:10, “And it came to pass on the morrow, that the evil spirit from Elohim came upon Saul and he prophesied in the midst of the house…..”.

I Sam. 19:9, ” And the evil spirit from Jehovah was upon Saul….”.

Matt. 8:16, “….He cast out the spirits with His word… .”

Matt. 10:1, “….He gave them power against unclean spirits to cast them out… .” (See also Mark 6:7.)

Matt. 12:43, “When the unclean spirit is gone out of a man… .”

Matt. 12:45, “Then goeth he and taketh with himself seven other spirits more wicked than himself…. .”

Mark 1:23, “There was in their synagogue a man with an unclean spirit…. .” .

Mark 1:26, “And when the unclean spirit had torn him… .”

Mark 1:27, “….commandeth Him even the unclean spirits and they obey Him.”

Mark 3:11, “and unclean spirits …..fell down before Him…”

Mark 3:30, “Because they said He had an unclean spirit…. .”

Mark 5:2, “…there met Him out of the tombs a man with an unclean spirit.”

Mark, 5:8, “….Come out of the man, thou unclean spirit… .”

Mark 5:13, “…and the unclean spirits went out….. .”

Mark 7:25, “…whose young daugher had an unclean spirit…. .”

Mark 9:17, “…I have brought unto Thee my son which hath a dumb spirit.”

Mark 9:20, “…and when he saw Him straighway the spriit tare him..”

Mark 9:25, “When Jesus saw that the people came running after Him He rebuked the foul spirit… .”

Luke 4:36, “….with authority and power He commandeth the unclean spirits to come out… .”

Luke 6:18, “…they were vexed with unclean spirits and they were healed.”

Luke 7:21, “And in that same hour He cured many of their infirmities and plagues, and of evil spirits… .”

Luke 8:2, “And certain women which had been healed of unclean spirits…. .”

Luke 8:29, “For he had commanded the unclean spirit to come out of the man.”

Luke 9:39, “And lo a spirit taketh him and he suddenly cried out… .”

Luke 9:42, “…And Jesus rebuked the unclean spirit and healed the child.”

Luke 11:24, “When an unclean spirit come out of a man…. .”

Luke 11:26, “Then goeth he and taketh to him seven other spirits… .”

Luke 13:11, “…there was a woman who had a spirit of infirimity… .”

Acts 5:16, “…bringing sick folks and them that were vexed with unclean spirits…”

Acts 8:7, “….unclean spirits crying with loud voices came out of many of them… .”

Acts 16:16, “…a certain damsel possed of a spirit of divinination…. .”

Acts 16:18, “….But Paul being grieved said to the spirit… .”

Acts 19:12, “…and the evil spirits went out of them.”

Acts 19:15, “And the evil spirit answered and said…. .”

Acts 19:16 , “And the man in whom the evil spirit was lept on them. .”

I Tim. 4:1b, “Some shall depart from the faith, giving heed to seducing spirits and doctrines of devils.”

I Peter 3:19, “By which also He went a preached unto the spirits in prison.”

Rev. 16:13-14, And I saw three unclean spirits ……for they are the spirits of devils working miracles which go forth unto the kings of the earth… .”

Rev. 18:2, “….Babylon….has fallen….and is become the habitation of devils and the hold of every foul spirit….. .”

XII) Spirit of Antichrist

I Jn. 4:3b, “and this is that spirit of antichrist….. .”

APPENDIX I. A LIST OF VERSES IN WHICH “RUACH” IS TRANSLATED “WIND” OR “SIDE”

Genesis 3:8, 8:1

Exodus 10:13 ( 2), 14:21, 15:10

Numbers 11:31

II Samuel 22:11,

I Kings 18:45, 19:11 (3)

II Kings 3:17, 19:7

I Chronicles 9:24 (“quarters”, lit. “winds”)

Job 1:19, 4:15, 7:7, 8:2, 15:2, 16:3, 21:18, 28:25, 30:15, 30:22, 37:21, 41:16 (“air”)

Psalms 1:4, 11:6 (“tempest”), 18:10, 43, 35:5, 48:7, 55:8, 78:39, 83:13, 103:16, 104:3, 107:25, 135:7, 147:18

Proverbs 11:29, 25:14, 23, 27:16, 30:4

Ecclesiastes 1:6 (2), 5:16, 11:4

Isaiah 7:2, 11:15, 17:13, 28:18, 27:8, 32:2, 37:7, 41:16, 29, 57:13, 64:6

Jeremiah 2:24, 4:11, 12, 5:13, 10:13, 13:24, 14:6, 18:17, 22:22, 49:32, 36 (2), 51:1, 16, 52:23 (“side”)

Ezekiel 1:4, 5:2, 10, 12, 13:3, 11, 13, 17:10, 21, 19:12, 27:26, 37:9 (3) 42:16 (“side”), 17 (“side”), 18 (“side”), 19 (“side”). 20 (“side”)

Daniel 8:8, 11:4

Hosea 4:19, 8:7, 12:1, 13:15

Amos 4:13

Jonah 1:4, 4:8

Zechariah 2:6,

APPENDIX II. ALL OCCURRENCES OF “RUACH” EXCEPT THOSE TRANSLATED “WIND” OR “SIDES”

Appendices II and III are meant to aid the reader in finding a particular verse. In every occurrence of “spirit” I have indicated to which category I believe they belong. May I suggest that in some cases if it will be helpful to consider the comments for each category.

Gen. 1:2, “….and the Spirit of Elohim moved upon the face of the waters”. The Holy Spirit as Creator.

Gen. 6:3, “And Jehovah said, ‘My spirit shall not always strive with man…’.”. The Holy Spirit in one of the offices of Jehoah.

Gen. 6:17 and 7:15, “And behold, I, even I, do bring a flood of waters upon the earth, to destroy all flesh, wherein is the breath of life from under heaven….”. The spirit that gives life.

Gen. 7:22, “All in whose nostrils was the breath of life ….died”. The spirit that gives life.

Gen. 26:35, “Which were a grief of mind (lit. bitterness of spirit) unto Isaac and Rebekah”. The spirit that is the psycholigical element of man.

Gen. 41:8, “And it came to pass in the morning that his spirit was troubled….”. The spirit that is the psycholigical element of man.

Gen. 41:38, “And Pharaoh said unto his servants, ‘Can we find such a one as this is, a man in whom the spirit of God is?” New nature.

Gen. 45:27, “……and when he saw the wagons which Joseph had sent to carry him, the spirit of Joseph their father revived”. The spirit that is the psychological element of man.

Ex. 6:9, “….but they harkened not unto Moses for anguish of spirit….”. The spirit that is the psychological element of man.

Ex. 28:3, “And thou shalt speak unto the wise hearted, whom I have filled with the spirit of wisdom…”.  Power from the Holy Spirit.

Ex. 31:3, “And I have filled him with the spirit of God, in wisdom and in knowledge and in all manner of workmanship”. Power from the Holy Spirit.

Ex. 35:21, “And they came, every one whose heart stirred him up, and every one whom his spirit made willing….”. The spirit that is the psychological element of man.

Ex. 35:31, “And He hath filled him with the spirit of God, in wisdom, in understanding…..and in all manner of workmanship.” Power from the Holy Spirit.

Nu. 5:14, “And the spirit of jealousy come upon him….”. (See also verse 30.) The spirit that is the psychological element of man.

Nu. 11:17, “….And I will take of the spirit which is upon thee and put it upon them…”. Power from the Holy Spirit.

Nu. 11:25, “And Jehovah came down in a cloud, and spake unto him, and took of the spirit that was upon him, and gave it unto the seventy elders: and it came to pass, that when the spirit rested upon them, they prophecied and did not cease”. Power from the Holy Spirit.

Nu. 11:26, “But there remained two of the men in the camp….and the spirit rested on them…..and they prophecied in the camp”. Power from the Holy Spirit.

Nu. 11:29, “And Moses said unto him. Enviest thou for my sake? would God that all the Lord’s peope were prophets, and that the Lord would put His spirit upon them'”. Power from the Holy Spirit.

Nu. 14:23-24, “Surely they shall not see the land which I sware unto their fathers…..but My servant Caleb, because he had another (a different) spirit with him, and hath followed Me fully, him will I bring into the land….”. The new nature

Nu. 16:22, “And they fell upon their faces, and said, ‘O God, the God of the spirits of all flesh…..”. The spirit that gives life.

Nu. 24:2-3, “…..and the spirit of God came upon him and he took up his parable and said….”. Power from the Holy Spirit.

Nu. 27:16, “Let Jehovah Elohim of the spirits of all flesh, set a man over the congregation.” The spirit that gives life

Nu. 27:18-19, “And the Lord said unto Moses, ‘Take Thee Joshua, the son of Nun, a man in whom is the spirit and lay thine hand upon him….and give him a charge in theri sight”. Power from the Holy Spirit.

Deut. 2:30, “….the Lord thy God hardened his spirit and made his heart obstinate….”. The spirit that is the psychological element of man.

Deut. 34:9, “And Joshua, the son of Nun was full of the spirit of wisdom; for Moses had laid his hands on him”. Power from the Holy Spirit.

Josh. 2:11, “And as soon as we had heard these things, our hearts did melt, neither did there remain any more courage in any man….”. The spirit that is the psychological element of man.

Josh. 5:1, “And it came to pass, when all the kings ………heard that the Lord had dried up the waters of Jordan from before the children of Israel, until we were passed over, that their heart melted, neither was there spirit in them any more, because of the children of Israel”. The spirit that is the  psychological element of man.

Judges 3:10, “And the spirit of Jehvoah came upon him and he judged Israel and went out to war….”. Power from the Holy Spirit.

Judges 6:34, “But the Spirit of Jehovah came upon Gideon and he blew a trumpet and Abi-dzer was gathered after him”. Power from the Holy Spirit.

Judges 9:23, “Then God sent an evil spirit between Abimelech and the men of Shechem, and the men of men Shechem dealt treacherously with Abimelech”. Evil spirits.

Judges 11:29, “Then the Spirit of Jehovah came upon Jephthah and he passed over Gilead….unto the children of Ammon”. Power from the Holy Spirit.

Judges 13:25, “And the Spirit of Jehovah began to move him at times in the camp of Dan….”. The Holy Spirit as Doer.

Judges 14:6, “And the Spirit of Jehovah came mightly upon him (Samson), and he rent him (a lion,vs. 5) as he would have rent a kid, and he had nothing in his hand”. Power from the Holy Spirit.

Judges 14:19, “And the Spirit of Jehovah came upon him and he went down ….and slew thirty men of them….”. Power from the Holy Spirit.

Judges 15:14, “…And the Spirit of Jehovah came mightlily upon him and the cords that were upon his arms becae as flax from off his hands”. Power from the Holy Spirit.

Judges 15:19, “But God clave an hollow place that was in the jaw, and there came water thereout; and when he had drunk, his spirit came again and he revivied”. The spirit that is the psycholigical element of man.

I Sam. I1:15, “…..I am a woman of a sorrowful spirit….”. The spirit that is the psychological element of man.

I Sam. 10:6, “And the Spirit of Jehovah will come upon thee and thou shalt prophecy…”. Power from the Holy Spirit.

I Sam. 10:10, “….and the Spirit of Elohim came upon him and he prophesied….”. Power from the Holy Spirit.

I Sam. 11:6, “And the Spirit of Elohim came upon Saul ….and his anger was kindled greatly”. Power from the Holy Spirit.

I Sam. 16:13, “and the Spirit of Jehovah came upon David from that day forward….”. Power from the Holy Spirit.

I Sam. 16:14, “But the Spirit of Jehovah departed from Saul… .” Power from the Holy Spirit.

I Sam. 16:15, “and an evil spirit from Jehovah troubled him. And Saul’s servants said unto him, ‘Behold now an evil spirit from Elohim troubeleth thee”. Evil spirits.

I Sam. 16:16, “Let our lord now commnad thy servants, which are before thee, to seek out a man, who is a cunning player on an harp: and it shall come to pass, when the evil spirit from Elohim is upon thee, that he shall play with his hand, and thou shalt be well”. Evil spirit.

I Sam. 16:23, “And it came to pass when the evil spirit from Elohim was uopon Saul, that David took an harp, and played with his hand: so Saul was refreshed, and was well, and the evil spirit departed from him”. Evil spirit.

I Sam. 18:10, “And it came to pass on the morrow, that the evil spirit from Elohim came upon Saul and he prophesied in the midst of the house…..”. Evil spirit.

I Sam. 19:9, ” And the evil spirit from Jehovah was upon Saul….”. Evil spirit.

I Sam. 19:20, “….the Spirit of Elohim was upon the messengers of Saul, and they also prophesied…”. Power from the Holy Spirit.

I Sam. 19:23, “….and the Spirit of Elohim was upon him also and he went on and prophesied….”. Power from the Holy Spirit.

I Sam. 30:12,”…and when he had eaten his spirit came again to him, for he had eaten no bread, nor drunk any water, three days and three nights”. The spirit that is the  psychological element of man.

II Sam. 23:2, “The Spirit of Jehovah spake by me, and His word was in my tongue”. Power from the Holy Spirit.

I Kings 10:4-5, “And when the queen of Sheba had seen all Solomon’s wisdom, and the house that he had built, and the meat of his table, and the sitting of his servatns, and the attendance of his ministers…..there was no more spirit in her”. The spirit that is the  psychological  element of man.

I Kings 18:12, “And it shall come to pass, as soon as I am gone from thee, that the Spirit of Jehvoah shall carry thee wither I know not….”. The Holy Spirit the Doer.

I Kings 21:5, “….Why is thy spirit so sad that thou eatest no bread?”. The spirit that is the  psychological  element of man.

I Kings 22:19-24, “And he said, ‘Hear thou therefore the word of Jehovah: I saw Jehovah sitting on His throne, and all the host of heaven standing by Him on His right hand and on the left, And Jehovah said, ‘Who shall persuade Ahab, that he may go up and fall at Ramoth-gilead? And one said on this manner, and another and on that manner. And there came forth a spirit, and stood before Jehovah, and said, ‘I will persuade him’. And Jehovah said unto him, ‘Wherewith? And he said, I will go forth, and I will be a lying spirit in the mouth of all his prophets’. And He said, ‘Thou shalt persuade him, and prevail also: go forth and do so. Now therefore, behold, Jehovah hath put a lying spirit in the mouth of all these thy prophets, and Jehovah hath spoken evil concerning thee. But Zedekiah …..went…..and said, ‘Which way went the Spirit of Jehovah?” (See also II Chron. 18:20-23.) Spirit beings

II Kings 2:9, “…Elijah said to Elisha, ‘Ask what I shall do for thee, before I be taken away from thee.’ And Elisha said, ‘I pray thee, let a double portion of they spirit be upon me”. Power from the Holy Spirit.

II Kings. 2:15, “And when the sons of the prophets which were to view at Jericho saw him they said, ‘The spirit of Elijah doth rest on Elisha’ (gift of prophecy). Power from the Holy Spirit.

II Kings 2:16, “And they come to meet him, and bowed themselves to the ground before him. and they said unto him, ‘Behold now there be with thy servants fifty strong men; let them go we pray thee, and seek thy master; lest peradventure the Spirit of Jehovah hath taken him up….”. The Holy Spirit the Doer.

I Chron. 5:26, “And the God of Israel stirred up the spirit of Pul king of Assyria, and the spirit of Tilgath-pilneser iing of Assyria and he carried them (Reubenites) away…..”. The spirit that is the psychological element of man.

I Chron. 12:18, “Then the Spirit came upon Amasai, who was chief of the captains, and he said, ‘Thine are we David….'”. Power from the Holy Spirit.

I Chron. 28:12, “And the pattern of all that he had by the spirit, of the courts of the house of Jehovah, and of all the chambers round about….”. The Holy Spirit the Giver of the Word of God.

II Chron. 9:3-4, “And when the queen of Sheba had seen the wisdom of Solomon, and the house that he had built…….there was no more spirit in her”. The spirit that is the psychological element of man.

II Chron. 15:1-2, “And the Spirit of Elohim came upon Azariah the son of Oded. And he went out to Asa, and said unto him, ‘Hear ye me, Asa, and all Judah and Benjamin; Jehovah is with you, while ye be with Him….”. Power from the Holy Spirit.

II Chron. 20:14-15, “Then upon Zahaziel ……came the Spirit of Jehovah ….and said ‘Hearken ye all Judah….”. Power from the Holy Spirit.

II Chron. 21:16-17, “Moreover Jehovah stirred up against Jehoram the spirit of the Philistines, and of the Arabians, that were near the Ethiopians; and they came up into Judah, and brake into it, and carried away all the substance that was found in the king’s house……”. The spirit that is the psychological element of man.

II Chron. 24:20, “And the Spiri of Elohim came upon Zechariah….. and said unto them, ‘Thus saith Elohim, ‘Why transgress ye the commandments of Jehovah….?’ Power from the Holy Spirit.

II Chron. 36:22, “Now in the first year of Cyrus king of Persia, ……Jehovah stirred up the spirit of Cyrus….that he made a proclamation……”. (See also Ezra 1:1.) The spirit that is the psychological element of man.

Ezra 1:5, “Then rose up the chief of the fathers of Judah and Benjamin, and the priests….with all them whose spirit Elohim had raised to go up to build the house of Jehovah which is in Jerusalem”. The spirit that is the  psychological element of man.

Neh. 9:20, “Thou gavest also Thy good spirit to instruct them, and withheldest not Thy manna from their mouth…..” Holy Spirit as teacher.

Neh. 9:30, “Yet many years didst Thou forbear them, and testifiedst against them by Thy Spirit in Thy prophets, yet would they not give ear.” Holy Spirit Who gives the Word of God.

Job 6:4, “For the arrows of THE ALMIGHTY are within me, the poison whereof drinketh up my spirit….. .” The spirit that is the psychological element of man.

Job 7:11, “therefore, I will not refrain my mouth: I will speak in the anguish of my spirit: I will complain in the bitterness of my soul.” The spirit that is the  psychological element of man.

Job 10:12, “Thou hast granted me life and favor, and thy visitiation hath preserved my spirit.” The spirit that is the  psychological element of man.

Job 12:10, “In Whose hand is the soul of every living thing, and the breath of all mankind.” The spirit that gives life.

Job 15:13, “That thou turnest thy spirit against El, and lettest such words go out of thy mouth.” The spirit that is the  psychological element of man.

Job 15:30, “…the flame shall dry up his branches, and by the breath of His mouth shall he go away.” The Holy Spirit the Doer.

Job 17:1, “My breath is corrupt, my days are extinct… .” The spirit that gives life.

Job 19:17, “My breath is strange to my wife… .”

Job 20:3, “…the spirit of my understanding causes me to answer… .” The spirit that is the  psychological element of man.

Job 21:4, “As for me, is my complaint to man? and if it were so, why should not my spirit be troubled.” The spirit that is the psychological element of man.

Job 26:13, “By His Spirit He hath garnished the heavens… .” God as Creator

Job 32:8, “But there is a spirit in man, and the inspiration of the ALMIGHTY giveth them understanding”. The new nature.

Job 32:18, “…the spirit within me constraineth me.” The spirit that is the  psychological element of man.

Job 33:4, “The Spirit of God (Heb. “El”)   hath made me, and the breath of THE ALMIGHTY hath given me life.” Holy Spirit as Creator.

Job 34:14, “If He set His heart upon man, if He gather unto Himself his spirit, and man shall turn again unto dust.” The spirit that gives life.

Ps. 31:5, “Into Thy hand I commit My spirit… .” “Spirit” used as a figure of speech for a person.

Ps. 32:2, “Blessed is the man unto whom Jehovah imputeth not iniquity. and in whose spirit there is no guile.” The spirit that is the  psychological element of man.

Ps. 33:6b, “….And all the host of them by the breath of his mouth.” The Holy Spirit as Creator.

Ps. 34:18, “Jehovah is nigh unto them that are of a broken heart; and saveth such as be of a contrite spirit.” The spirit that is the  psychological element of man.

Ps. 51:10, “Create in me a right heart O God; and renew a right spirit within me.” The new nature.

Ps. 51:11, “Cast me not away from Thy presence, and take not Thy Holy Spirit from me.” God as spirit.

Ps. 51:12, “Restore unto me the joy of thy salvation; and uphold me with Thy free spirit”. The new nature.

Ps. 51:17, “the sacrifices of God are a broken spirit: a broken and contrite heart, O God, Thou wilt not despise.” The spirit that is the psychological element of man.

Ps. 76:12, “He shall cut off the spirit of princes, He is terrible to the kings of the earth.” “Spirit” used as a figure of speech for a person.

Ps. 77:3, “I remembered God and was troubled, I complained and my spirit was troubled.” The spirit that is the  psychological element of man.

Ps. 77:6, “I call to remembrance my song in the night; I commune with mine own heart: and my spirit made diligent search.” The spirit that is the psychological element of man.

Ps. 78:8, “…A stubborn and rebellious generation; a generation that set not their heart aright, and whose spirit was not steadfast with Elohim.”. The spirit that is the psychological element of man.

Ps. 104:4, “Who maketh His angels spirits, His ministers a flaming fire.” Spirit beings.

Ps. 104:29, “….Thou takest away their breath and they return to dust.” The spirit that gives life.

Ps. 104:30, “….Thou sendest forth Thy Spirit, they are created; and Thou renewst the face of the earth.” The spirit that gives life.

Ps. 106:32-33, “They angered Him also at the waters of strife, so that it went ill with Moses for their sakes; Because they provoked his spirit, so that he spake unadvisedly with his lips.”. The spirit that is the psychological element of man.

Ps. 135:17, “They have ears, but they hear not; Neither is there any breath in their mouths.” The spirit that gives life.

Ps. 139:7, “Whither shall I go from Thy Spirit, or whither I shall I flee from Thy presence?” God as spirit

Ps. 142:3, “When my spirit was overwhelmed within me, then thou knewest my path.” The spirit that is the  psychological element of man.

Ps. 143:4, “Therefore is my spirit overwhelmed within me; My heart within me is desolate.” The spirit that is the  psychological element of man.

Ps. 143:7, “Hear me speedily, O Jehovah, my spirit faileth me.” The spirit that is the  psychological element of man.

Ps. 146:4, “His breath goeth forth, he returneth to his earth; in that very day his thoughts perish.” The spirit that gives life.

Prov. 1:23, “Turn you at my reproff; Behold I will pour out my spirit unto you, I will make known my words unto you.” Power from the Holy Spirit.

Prov. 11:13, “A talebearer revealeth secrets; But he that is of a faithful spirit concealeth the matter.” The spirit that is the  psychological element of man.

Prov. 14:29, “He that is slow to wrath is of great understanding: But he that is hasty of spirit exalteth folly.” The spirit that is the psychological element of man.

Prov. 15:4, “A wholesome tongue is a tree of life: but perverseness therein is a breach in the spirit,” (see also Prov. 15:4.) The spirit that is the  psychological element of man.

Prov. 15:13, “A merry heart maketh a cheerful countenance; But by sorrow of the heart the spirit is broken.” The spirit that is the  psychological element of man.

Prov. 16:2, “All the ways of a man are clean in his own eyes; But Jehovah weigheth the spirits.” The spirit that is the  psychological  element of man.

Prov. 16:18-19, “Pride goeth before destruction, and an haughty spirit before a fall. Better it is to be of a humble spirit with the lowly, Than to divide the spoil with the proud.” The spirit that is the  psychological  element of man.

Prov. 16:32, “He that is slow to anger is better than the mighty; and he that ruleth his spirit that he that taketh a city.” The spirit that is the  psychological  element of man.

Prov. 17:22, “A merry heart doeth good like a medicine, But a broken spirit drieth the bones.” The spirit that is the psychological element of man.

Prov. 17:27, “…a man of understanding is of excellent spirit.” The spirit that is the  psychological element of man.

Prov. 18:14, “The spirit of a man will sustain his infirmity; but a wounded spirit, who can bear?” The spirit that is the psychological element of man.

Prov. 25:28, “He that hath no rule over his own spirit is like a city that is broken down, and without walls.” The spirit that is the  psychological element of man.

Prov. 29:11, “A fool uttereth all his mind…. .” The spirit that is the psychological element of man.

Prov. 29:23, “A man’s pride shall bring him low, but honor shall uphold the humble in spirit.” The spirit that is the  psychological element of man.

Ecc. 1:14, “I have seen all the works that are done under the sun; and behold, all is vanity and vexation of spirit.” The spirit that is the  psychological  element of man.

Ecc. 1:17, “And I gave my heart to know wisdom, and to know madness and folly: I perceived that this also is vexation of spirit.” The spirit that is the  psychological element of man.

Ecc. . 2:11, “Then I looked on all the works that my hands had wrought, and on the labour that I had laboured to do; and behold all was vanity and vexation of spirit.” (See also verses 17 and 26.) The spirit that is the  psychological element of man.

Ecc. 3:19, “For that which befalleth the sons of men befalleth beasts; even one thing befalleth them; as the one dieth, so dieth the other; yea, they have all one breath; so that a man hathe no preminence abvove a beast, for all is vanity.” The spirit that gives life.

Ecc. 3:21, “Who knoweth the spirit of man that goeth upward, and the spirit of the beast that goeth downward to the earth.” The spirit that gives life.

Ecc. 4:4, “Again I considered all travail, and every right work, that for this a man is envied of his neighbor. This is also vanity and vexation of spirit.” (See also verse 16.) The spirit that is the  psychological element of man.

Ecc. 4:6, “Better is an handful with quietness than both the hands full with travail and vexation of spirit.” The spirit that is the  psychological element of man.

Ecc. 6:9, “Better is the sight of the eyes than the wandering of desire: this is also vanity and vexation of spirit.” The spirit that is the   psychological  element of man.

Ecc. 7:8, “…the patient in spirit is better than the proud in spirit.” The spirit that is the   psychological  element of man.

Ecc. 7:9, “Be not hasty in thy spirit to be angry: for anger resteth in the bosom of fools.” The spirit that is the  psychological element of man.

Ecc. 8:8, “There is no man that hath power over the spirit to retain the spirit: neither hath he power in the day of death… .” The spirit that gives life.

Ecc. 10:4, “If the spirit of the ruler rise up against them leave not thy place; for yielding pacifieth great offences.” The spirit that is the   psychological element of man.

Ecc. 11:5, “As thou knowest not what is the way of the spirit, nor how the bones do grow in the womb of her that is with child: even so thou knowest not the works of God Who maketh all.” The spirit that gives life.

Ecc. 12:7, “Then shall the dust return to the earth as it was; and the spirit shall return unto God Who gave it.” The spirit that gives life.

Is. 4:4, “When Jehovah shall have washed away the filth of the daughters of Zion, and shall have purged the blood of Jerusalem from the midst thereof by the spirit of judgment, and by the spirit of turning.” Driving force.

Is. 11:2, “And the Spirit of Jehovah shall rest upon Him, the spirit of wisdom and understading, the spirit of counsel and might, the spirit of knowledge and of the fear of Jehovah.” Power from the Holy Spirit.

Is. 11:4, “But with righeousness shall He judge the poor, and reprove with equity for the meek of the earth: and He shall smite the earth with the rod of His mouth, and with breath of His lips shall He slay the wicked.”  Holy Spirit the Doer.

Is. 19:3, “And the spirit of Egypt shall fall in the midst thereof: and I will destroy the counsel thereof….”. The spirit that is the  psychological element of man.

Is. 19:14, “Jehovah hath mingeld a perverse spirit in the midst thereof…”. Evil spirit.

Is. 26:9, “With my soul have I desired Thee in the night; yea, with my spirit within me will I seek thee early… .” The new nature.

Is. 28:5-6, “In that day shall Jehovah of hosts be for a crown of glory…..and for spirit of judgment to him that sitteth in judgment…”. Driving force.

Is. 29:10, “For Jehovah hath poured out upon you the spirit of deep sleep, and hath closed your eyes: the prophets and your rulers, the seers hath He covered.” Power from the Holy Spirit.

Is. 29:24, “They also that erred in spirit, shall come to understanding, and they that murmured shall learn doctrine.” The spirit that is the  psychological  element of man.

Is. 30:1, “Woe to the rebellious children, saith Jehovah, that take counsel, but not of Me; and that cover with a covering but not of My Spirit, that they may add sin to sin.” God as spirit

Is. 30:28, “And His breath as an overflowing stream, shall reach to the midst of the neck, to sift the nations with the sieve of vanity.” The Holy Spirit the Doer.

Is. 31:3, “Now the Egyptians are men and not El; and their horses flesh and not spirit.” Spirit as opposed to flesh.

Is. 32:14-15, “Because the palaces shall be forsaken; the multitude of the city shall be left, the forts and towers shall be for dens……until the spirit be poured upon us from on high, and the wilderness be a fruitful field.” Power from the Holy Spirit.

Is. 34:16, “….for My mouth it hath commanded and His Spirit it hath gathered them.” The Holy Spirit the Doer.

Is. 38:16, “O Jehovah, by these things men live, and in all these thing is the life of my spirit…. .” The spirit that gives life.

Is. 40:7, “The grass withereth, the flower fadeth; because the Spirit of Jehovah bloweth upon it; surely the people is grass.” The Holy Spirit the Doer.

Is. 42:1, “Behold My Servant, Whom I uphold; Mine elect to Whom My soul delighteth; I have put My spirit upon Him; He shall bring forth judgment to the Gentiles”. Power from the Holy Spirit.

Is. 42:5, “Thus saith El Jehovah, He That created the heavens and stretched them out; He That spread forth the earth, and that which cometh out of it; He That giveth breath unto the people upon it, and spirit to them that walk therein.” The spirit that gives life.

Is. 44:3, For I will pour water upon him that is thirsty, and floods upon the dry grounds: I will pour My Spirit upon thy seed, and My blessing upon thine offspring.”. Power from the Holy Spirit.

Is. 48:16, “….and now Jehovah Adonai hath sent me and His Spirit.”. The Holy Spirit the Doer.

Is. 54:6, “For Jehovah hath called thee as a woman forsaken and grieved in spirit… .” The spirit that is the  psychological element of man.

Is. 57:15, “…I dwell in the high and holy place with him also that is of a contrite and humble spirit the spirit of the humble and revive the heart of the contrite ones.” The spirit that is the  psychological element of man.

Is. 57:16, “For I will not contend for ever, neither will I be always wroth: for the spirit should fail before Me, and the souls which I have made.” The spirit that gives life.

Is. 59:19, “….When the enemy shall come in like a flood, the Spirit of Jehovah shall lift up a standard against him.” The Holy Spirit the Doer.

Is. 59:21, “…..My spirit that is upon thee, and My words which I have put in thy mourth shall not depart out of they mouth, nor out of the mouth of thy seed…. .” Power from the Holy Spirit.

Is. 61:1, “The Spirit of Jehovah Adonai is upon Me; because Jehovah hath anointed Me to reach good tidings unto the meek….”. Power from the Holy Spirit.

Is. 61:3, “To appoint unto them that mourn in Zion, to give unto them beauty for ashes, the oil of joy for mourning, the garment of praise for the spirit of heaviness….” The spirit that is the  psychological element of man.

Is. 63:10, “But they rebelled and vexed His holy Spirit; therefore He was turned to be their enemy…..”. God as spirit.

Is. 63:11, “Then He remembered the days of old, Moses, and His People, saying, ‘Where is He That brought them up out of the sea, with the shepherd of His flock? where is He That put His holy Spirit within him?” Power from the Holy Spirit.

Is. 63:14, “As a beast goeth down into the valley, the Spirit of Jehovah caused him to rest….. .” The Holy Spirit the Doer.

Is. 66:2, “…….but to this man will I look, even to him that is poor and of a contrite spirit, and trembleth at My word”. The spirit that is the   psychological element of man.

Jer. 10:14, “Every man is brutish in his knowledge; every founder is confounded by the graven image; for his molten image is faleshood, and there is no breath in them”. (See also Jer. 51:17.) The spirit that gives life.

Jer. 51:11, “Make bright the arrows; gather the shields; Jehovah hath raised up the spirit of the kings of the Medes…..” The spirit that is the  psychological element of man.

Lam. 4:20, “The breath of our nostrils…. .” The spirit that gives life.

Ezek. 1:12, “And they (four living creatures) went every one straight forward; wither the spirit was to go, they went….”. Spirit beings.

Ezek. 1:20, “Whithersoever the spirit was to go, they went, thither was their spirit to go; and the wheels were lifted up over against them; for the spirit of the living creatures was in the wheels.” Spirit beings.

Ezek. 1:21, “……for the spirit of the living creatures was in the wheels.” Spirit beings.

Ezek. 2:2, “And the Spirit entered into me when He spake unto me, and set me upon my feet, that I heard Him That spake unto me”. Power from the Holy Spirit.

Ezek. 3:12, “Then the Spirit took me up, and I heard behind me a voice of a great rushing, saying, ‘Blessed be the glory of Jehovah….” The Holy Spirit the Doer.

Ezek. 3:14a, “So the Spirit lifted me up, and took me away… .” The Holy Spirit the Doer.

Ezek. 3:14b, “and I went in bitterness in the heat of my spirit, but the hand of Jehovah was strong upon me”. The spirit that is the  psychological element of man.

Ezek. 3:24, “Then the Spirit entered into me and set me upon my feet….” Power from the Holy Spirit.

Ezek. 8:3, “……and the Spirit lifted me up between the earth and the heaven….” The Holy Spirit the Doer.

Ezek. 10:17, “….for the spirit of the living creature was in them”. Spirit beings

Ezek. 11:1, “The Spirit lifted me up and brought me to the east gate of the house of Jehovah…”. The Holy Spirit the Doer

Ezek. 11:5a, “And the Spirit of Jehovah fell on me and said unto me, ‘Speak’…” Power from the Holy Spirit.

Ezek. 11:5b, “….I know the things that come into your mind, every one of them”. The spirit that is the   psychological  element of man.

Ezek. 11:19, “And I will give them one heart, and I will put a new spirit within you….”. New nature.

Ezek. 11:24, “Afterwards the Spirit took me up, and brought me in a vision by the Spirit of Elohim into Chaldea. to them of the captivity.” The Holy Spirit the Doer

Ezek. 13:3, “…..Woe unto the foolish prophets, that follow their own spirit, and have seen nothing.” The spirit that is the   psychological element of man.

Ezek. 18:31, “Cast away from you all your transgressions, whereby ye have transgressed: and make you a new heart and a new spirit: for why will ye die, O house of Israel?” New nature

Ezek. 20:32, “And that which cometh into your mind shall not be at all, that ye say…… .” The spirit that is the  psychological element of man.

Ezek. 21:7, “….and every heart shall melt, and all hands shall be feeble, and every spirit shall faint…. .” The spirit that is the  psychological element of man.

Ezek. 36:26-27, “A new heart also will I give you, and a new spirit will I put within you: and I will take away the stoney heart out of your flesh, and I will give you an heart of flesh, and I will put My spirit within you, and cause you to walk in My statutes, and ye shall keep My judgments, and do them”. New nature.

Ezek. 37:1, “The hand of Jehovah was upon me, and carried me out in the Spirit of Jehovah, and set me down in the midst of the valley which was full of bones.” The Holy Spirit the Doer

Ezek. 37:5,”Thus saith Jehovah Elohim unto these bones; ‘Behold, I will cause breath to enter into you, and ye shall live.”. The spirit that gives life.

Ezek. 37:6, “And I will lay sinews upon you, and will bring up flesh upom you……and put breath in you, and ye shall live….. .” The spirit that gives life.

Ezek. 37:8, “And when I beheld, lo the sinews and the flesh came up upon them, and the skin covered them above; but there was no breath in them… .” The spirit that gives life.

Ezek. 37:10, “…and the breath came into them and they lived…”. The spirit that gives life.

Ezek. 37:14,”And shall put My spirit in you, and ye shall live, and I shall place you in your own land…..” The spirit that gives life.

Ezek. 43:5, “So the spirit took me up and brought me into the inner court…” The Holy Spirit the Doer.

Dan. 2:1, “….Nebucahdnezzar dreamed dreams wherewith his spirit was troubled….”. The spirit that is the  psychological element of man.

Dan. 2:3, “….I have dreamed a dream and my spirit was troubled to know the dream”. The spirit that is the  psychological element of man.

Hosea 4:12, “….for the spirit of whoredoms have cause them to err…” The spirit that is the  psychological element of man.

Hosea 5:4, “…….for the spirit of whoredoms is in the midst of them… .” The spirit that is the   psychological element of man.

Hosea 9:7, “….the prophet is a fool, the spiritual man (margin, “man of the spirit”) is mad… .” The spirit that is the  psychological element of man.

Joel 2:28-29, “And it shall come to pass afterward, that I will pour out My spirit upon all flesh; and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, ….and also upon the servants and upokn the handmaids in those days will I pour out My spirit”. Power from the Holy Spirit.

Micah 2:7, “O thou that art named the house of Jacob, is the Spirit of Jehovah straitened? ….” (Strong’s Dictionary, “to curtail”) God as spirit.

Micah 3:8, “But truly I am full of power by the Spirit of Jehovah, and of judgment, and of might…. .” Holy Spirit in one of the offices of Jehovah.

Hab. 1:11, “Then shall his mind change and he shall pass over and offend… .” The spirit that is the   psychological element of man.

Hab. 2:19, “….Behold it is layed over with gold and silver, and there is no breath at all in the midst of it.” The spirit that gives life.

Hagg. 1:14, “And Jehovah stirred up the spirit of Zerubbabel…..and the spirit of Joshua…….and the spirit of all the remnant of the People; and they came and did work in the house of Jehovah of hosts….” The spirit that is the psychological element of man.

Hagg. 2:5, “According to the word that I covenanted with you when ye came out of Egypt, so My Spirit remaineth among you…” (See Ex. 29:45, “And I will dwell among you the children of Israel, and will be their God.” God as spirit.

Zech. 4:6-7, “….Not by might, nor by power, but by My Spirit, saith Jehovah of hosts. Who art thou, O great mountain? before Zerubbabel thou shalt become a plain…”. The Holy Spirit the Doer.

Zech. 6:8, “…..Behold, these that go toward the north country have quieted my spirit in the north country.” God as spirit.

Zech. 7:12, “Yea, they made their hearts as an adamant stone, lest they should hear the law, and the words which Jehovah of hosts hath sent by His Spirit by the former prophets.” Holy Spirit as Giver of the Word of God and of prophecies.

Zech. 12:1, “The burden of the word of Jehovah for Israel, saith Jehovah, Which stretcheth forth the heavens……and formeth the spirit of man within him.” The spirit that gives life.

Zech. 12:10, “And I will pour upon the house of David, and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and of supplication….” The Psychological element of man.

Zech. 13:2, “…. I will cause the prophets and the unclean spirits to pass out of the land”. Unclean spirits.

Mal. 2:15, “And did not He make one? Yet had He the residue of the spirit. And wherefore one? That he might seek a godly seed”. The spirit that gives life.

Mal. 2:14-16, “Yet ye say, ‘Wherefore? Because Jehovah hath been witness between thee and the wife of thy youth against whom thou hast dealt treacherously: yet is she thy companion, and the wife of thy covenant. …………Therefore take heed to your spirit and let none deal treacherously against the wife of his youth.” The spirit that is the psychological element of man.

APPENDIX III. ALL OCCURRENCES OF THE GREEK “PNEUMA”

Matt. 1:18, “…..she was found with child of the Holy Ghost.” The Holy Spirit as Doer.

Matt. 1:20, “….That Which is conceived in her is of the Holy Ghost.” The Holy Spirit as Doer.

Matt. 3:11, “….He shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost and with fire.” The Power from the Holy Spirit.

Matt. 3:16, “He saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove and lighting on Him.” The Holy Spirit in one of the offices of Jehovah

Matt. 4:1, “Then was Jesus led up by the Spirit into the wilderness. .” The Holy Spirit as Doer.

Matt. 5:3, “Blessed are the poor in spirit for theirs is the kingdom of Heaven.” The spirit that is the  psychological element of man.

Matt. 8:16, “….He cast out the spirits with His word… .” Evil or unclean spirits.

Matt. 10:1, “….He gave them power against unclean spirits to cast them out… .” (See also Mark 6:7.) Evil or unclean spirits.

Matt. 10:20, “….but the Spirit of your Father which speaketh in you..” The Holy Spirit as Doer.

Matt. 12:18, “….I will put My spirit upon Him and He shall shew judgment to the Gentiles.” Power from the Holy Spirit.

Matt. 12:28, “But if I cast out devils by the Spirit of God, then the kingdom of God is come unto you.” Power from the Holy Spirit.

Matt. 12:31, “…..blasphemy of the Holy Ghost shall not be forgiven unto men.” (See also Mark 3:29, Luke 12:10.) The Holy Spirit in one of the offices of Jehovah.

Matt. 12:32, “….whoever speaketh against the Holy Ghost, it shall not be forgiven him… .” The Holy Spirit in one of the offices of Jehovah.

Matt. 12:43, “When the unclean spirit is gone out of a man… .” Evil of unclean spirits.

Matt. 12:45, “Then goeth he and taketh with himself seven other spirits more wicked than himself…. .” Evil of unclean spirits

Matt. 22:43, “…How then David in Spirit call Him Lord.. .” The Holy Spirit as the Giver of the Word of God and prophecy.

Matt. 26:41, “….the spirit indeed is willing, but the flesh is weak.” The spirit that is the   psychological  element of man.

Matt. 28:19, “….baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son and of the Holy Ghost.” The Holy Spirit in one of the offices of Jehovah.

Mark 1:8, “…He shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost.” Power from the Holy Spirit.

Mark1:10, “….and the Spirit like a dove descending upon Him… .” The Holy Spirit in one of the offices of Jehovah.

Mark, 1:12, “…the Spirit driveth Him into the wilderness.” The Holy Spirit as Doer.

Mark 1:23, “There was in their synagogue a man with an unclean spirit…. .” Evil and unclean spirits.

Mark 1:26, “And when the unclean spirit had torn him… .” Evil and unclean spirits.

Mark 1:27, “….commandeth Him even the unclean spirits and they obey Him.” Evil and unclean spirits.

Mark 2:8, “When Jesus perceived in His spirit that they so reasoned… .” The spirit that is the   psychological element of man.

Mark 3:11, “and unclean spirits …..fell down before Him…” Evil and unclean spirits.

Mark 3:30, “Because they said He had an unclean spirit…. .” Evil and unclean spirits.

Mark 5:2, “…there met Him out of the tombs a man with an unclean spirit.” Evil and unclean spirits.

Mark, 5:8, “….Come out of the man, thou unclean spirit… .” Evil and unclean spirits.

Mark 5:13, “…and the unclean spirits went out….. .” Evil and unclean spirits.

Mark 7:25, “…whose young daugher had an unclean spirit…. .” Evil and unclean spirits.

Mark 8:12, “And He sighed deeply in His spirit… .” The spirit that is the  psychological element of man.

Mark 9:17, “…I have brought unto Thee my son which hath a dumb spirit.” Evil and unclean spirits.

Mark 9:20, “…and when he saw Him straighway the spriit tare him…. .” Evil and unclean spirits.

Mark 9:25, “When Jesus saw that the people came running after Him He rebuked the foul spirit… .” Evil and unclean spirits.

Mark 12:36, “for David himself said by the Holy Ghost….. .” The Holy Spirit as the Giver of the Word of God and prophecy.

Mark 13:11, “…for it is not ye that speaketh but the Holy Ghost.” The Holy Spirit as Doer.

Mark 14:38, “…the spirit truly is ready but the flesh is weak.. .” The spirit that is the  psychological  element of man.

Luke 1:15, “…and he shall be filled with the Holy Ghost, even from his mother’s womb.” Power from the Holy Spirit.

Luke 1:17, “And he shall go before Him in the spirit and power of Elias…. .” Driving force.

Luke 1:35, “And the angel answered and said unto her, ‘The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee, and the power of the Highest shall overshadow thee; therefore also that holy Thing Which shall be born of thee shall be called the Son of God.'” The Holy Spirit as Doer.

Luke 1:46-47, “And Mary said, …..’and my spirit hath rejoiced in God my saviour.'” The spirit that is the   psychological element of man.

Luke 1:67, “And his father was filled with the Holy Ghost, and prophesied, saying….” Power from the Holy Spirit.

Luke 1:80, “And the children grew and waxed strong in spirit…. ” The spirit that is the   psychological  element of man.

Luke 2:25-27, “And behold, there was a man in Jerusalem whose name was Simeon; and the same man was just and devout, waiting for the consolation of Israel, and the Holy Ghost was upon him, and it was revealed unto him that by the Holy Ghost that he should not see death before he had seen the Lord’s Christ.And he came by the spirit into the temple….” Power from the Holy Spirit

Luke 2:40, “And the Child grew and waxed strong in spirit, filled with wisdom and the greace of God was upon Him.” The spirit that is the   psychological element of man.

Luke 3:16, “…..He shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost and with fire.” Power from the Holy Spirit.

Luke 3:22,”And the Holy Ghost descended in a bodily shape like a dove…. .” The Holy Spirit in one of the offices of Jehovah.

Luke 4:1a, “And Jesus being full of the Holy Ghost…… .” Power from the Holy Spirit.

Luke 4:1b, “…..was led by the Spirit into the wilderness.” The Holy Spirit as Doer.

Luke 4:14, “And Jesus returned in the power of the Spirit into Galilee.” The Holy Spirit as Doer.

Luke 4:18, “And the Spirit of the Lord was upon Me, because He hath anointeed Me to preach the gospel to the poor, He hath sent Me to heal the brokenhearted, to preach deliverance to the captives, and recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty them that are bruised, to preach the acceptable year of the Lord.” The Power from the Holy Spirit.

Luke 4:36, “….with authority and power He commandeth the unclean spirits to come out… .” Evil and unclean spirits.

Luke 6:18, “…they were vexed with unclean spirits and they were healed.” Evil and unclean spirits.

Luke 7:21, “And in that same hour He cured many of their infirmities and plagues, and of evil spirits… .” Evil and unclean spirits.

Luke 8:2, “And certain women which had been healed of unclean spirits…. .” Evil and unclean spirits.

Luke 8:29, “For he had commanded the unclean spirit to come out of the man.” Evil and unclean spirits.

Luke 8:55, “and her spirit came again and she rose straighway… .” The spirit that gives life.

Luke 9:39, “And lo a spirit taketh him and he suddenly cried out… .” Evil and unclean spirits.

Luke 9:42, “…And Jesus rebuked the unclean spirit and healed the child.” Evil and unclean spirits.

Luke 9:54-56, “And when His disciples James and John saw this, they said, ‘Lord, wilt thou that we command fire to come down from heaven, and consume them, even as Elias did?’ But He turned and rebuked them, and said, ‘Ye know not what manner of spirt ye are of. For the Son of Man hath not come to destroy men’s lives, but to save them… .” The psychological element of man.

Luke 10:20, “…rejoice not that the spirits are subject unto you; but rather rejoice because your names are written in heaven.” Spirit beings.

Luke 10:21, “. In that hour Jesus rejoiced in spirit, and said, ‘I thank thee, O Father, Lord of heaven and earth, that Thou hast hid these things from the wise……and revealed them unto babes…. .'” The spirit that is the   psychological element of man.

Luke 11:13, “….how much more shall the Father give the Holy Spirit to them that ask Him?” Power from the Holy Spirit

Luke 11:24, “When an unclean spirit come out of a man…. .” Evil and unclean spirits.

Luke 11:26, “Then goeth he and taketh to him seven other spirits… .” Evil and unclean spirits.

Luke 12:12, “For the Holy Ghost shall teach you in the same hour what you ought to say.” The Holy Spirit as Comforter/Teacher

Luke 13:11, “…there was a woman who had a spirit of infirimity… .” Evil and unclean spirits.

Luke 23:46, “…Father, unto Thy hands I commend My spirit… .” “Spirit” used as a figure of speech for a person.

Luke 24:37, “But they were terrified…and supposed that they had seen a spirit… .” Spirit beings.

Luke 24:39, “…a spirit hath not flesh and bones as you see Me have… .” Spirit as opposed to flesh.

Jn. 1:32-33, “And John bare record saying, ‘I saw the Spirit descending from heaven like a dove, and it abode upon Him. And I knew Him not; but He That sent me to baptize with water, the same said unto me, ‘Upon Whom thou shalt see the Spirit descending and remaining on Him… .” The Holy Spirit in one of the offices of Jehovah.

Jn.1:33b, “…….the same is He which baptizeth with the Holy Ghost.'” Power from the Holy Spirit.

Jn. 3:5-6, “…Except a man be born of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God. That which is born of the flesh is flesh and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit.” The Holy Spirit as one of the offices of Jehovah, but that which is born of the Spirit is the new nature. .

Jn. 3:8, “The wind bloweth where it listeth….so is everyone that is born of the Spirit.” The Holy Spirit as one of the offices of Jehovah.

Jn. 3:34, “For He Whom God hath sent speaketh the words of God, for God giveth not the Spirit by measure unto Him.” Power from the Holy Spirit

Jn. 4:23-24, “…the true worshippers shall worship the Father in spirit and in truth…..God is spirit, and they that worship Him must worship Him in spirit.” The new nature.

Jn. 6:63, “It is the spirit that quickeneth; the flesh profiteth nothing; the words that I speak unto you, they are spirit, and they are life.” Spirit as opposed to flesh.

Jn. 7:38-39, “He that believeth on Me, as the Scripture hath said, ‘out of His belly shall flow rivers of the living water.’ But this spake He of the Spirit Which they that believe on Him should receive: for the Holy Ghost was not yet given; because Jesus was not yet glorified.” Power from the Holy Spirit.

Jn. 11:33, “When Jesus therefore saw her weeping……..He groaned in the spirit and was troubled.” The spirit that is the  psychological element of man.

Jn. 13:21, “When Jesus had thus said He was troubled in spirit… .” The spirit that is the psychological element of man.

Jn. 14:16-17, “….And He shall give you another Comforter……even the Spirit of truth….but ye know Him for He dwelleth with and shall be in you.” The Holy Spirit as Teacher/Comforter

Jn. 14:26, “But the Comforter Which is the Holy Ghost…. .” The Holy Spirit as Teacher/Comforter

Jn. 15:26, “But when the Comforter is come….even the Spirit of truth…. .” The Holy Spirit as Teacher/Comforter

Jn. 16:13, “…when He, the Spirit of truth is come, He will guide you unto all truth… .” The Holy Spirit as Teacher/Comforter

Jn. 19:30, “….He bowed His head and gave up the ghost.” “Spirit” used as a figure of speech for a person.

Jn. 20:22, “….He breathed on them and saith unto them, ‘Receive ye the Holy Ghost.” Power from the Holy Spirit.

Acts 1:2, “….after that He, through the Holy Ghost had given commandments… .” The Holy Spirit as Teacher/Comforter

Acts 1:5, “….ye shall be baptized with the Holy Ghost not many days hence.” Power from the Holy Spirit.

Acts 1:8, “But ye shall receive power after the Holy Ghost is come unto you… .” Power from the Holy Spirit.

Acts 1:16, “….which the Holy Ghost by the mouth of David spake… .” The Holy Spirit as the Giver of the Word of God and prophecy.

Acts 2:4a, “And they were all filled with the Holy Ghost… .” ” Power from the Holy Spirit.

Acts 2:4b, “and began to speak with other tonugues as the Spirit gave them utterance.. . Holy Spirit in one of the offices of Jehovah.

Acts 2:17,”…..I will pour out My spirit upon all flesh… .” Power from the Holy Spirit.

Acts 2:18, “….I will pour out My spirit and they shall prophecy… .”Power from the Holy Spirit.

Acts 2:33,”and having received of the Father the promise of the Holy Ghost He hath shed forth this which you now see and hear”. Power from the Holy Spirit.

Acts 2:38, “….repent….and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost.” Power from the Holy Spirit.

Acts 4:8, “Then Peter, filled with the Holy Ghost said unto them… .” Power from the Holy Spirit.

Acts 4:31, “….they were all filled with the Holy Ghost and they spake the word of God with boldness.” Power from the Holy Spirit.

Acts 5:3, “….why hath Satan filled thine heart to lie to the Holy Ghost… ?” The Holy Spirit in one of the offices of Jehovah.

Acts 5:9, “How is it that you have agreed together to tempt the Spirit of the Lord?” The Holy Spirit in one of the offices of Jehovah.

Acts 5:16, “…bringing sick folks and them that were vexed with unclean spirits…” Evil and unclean spirits.

Acts 5:32, “And we are His witnesses of these things: and so is also the Holy Ghost, Whom God has given to them that obey Him,” The Holy Spirit as Teacher/Comforter

Acts 6:3, “….look ye out among you seven men who are full of the Holy Ghost and wisdom…. .” Power from the Holy Spirit.

Acts 6:5, “…they chose Stephen, full of faith and of the Holy Ghost….” Power from the Holy Spirit.

Acts 6:10, “And they were not able to resist the wisdom and the spirit by which he spake.” Power from the Holy Spirit.

Acts 7:51-52, “…ye do always resist the Holy Ghost, as your fathers did. Which of the prophets have your fathers not persecuted?” The Holy Spirit as the Giver of the Word of God.

Acts 7:55, “But he being full of the Holy Ghost looked up steadfastly to heaven and saw the glory of God… .” Power from the Holy Spirit.

Acts 7:59. “….calling upon God and saying, ‘Lord Jesus receive my spirit.” “Spirit” used as a figure of speech for a person.

Acts 8:7, “….unclean spirits crying with loud voices came out of many of them… .” Evil and unclean spirits.

Acts 8:15-19, “Who when they were come down, prayed for them that they might receive the Holy Ghost: (for as yet He was fallen upon none of them; only they were baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus. Then they laid they their hands on them and they received the Holy Ghost. And when Simon saw that through laying on of the apostles hands the Holy Ghost was given, he offered them money, saying, ‘ Give me also this power, that on whomsoever I lay hands, that he may receive the Holy Ghost'”. Power from the Holy Spirit.

Acts 8:29, “Then the Spirit said unto Phillip, ‘Go near and join thyself to this chariot.” The Holy Spirit the Doer

Acts 8:39, “And when they were come up out of the water, the Spirit of the Lord caught away Phillip, that the eunuch saw him no more.” The Holy Spirit the Doer

Acts 9:17, “….the Lord, even Jesus…….hath sent me that thou mightest receive thy sight and be filled with the Holy Ghost.” Power from the Holy Spirit.

Acts 9:31, “….walking in the fear of the Lord and in the comfort of the Holy Ghost were multiplied.” The Holy Spirit as Comforter

Acts 10:19, “….the Spirit said unto him, ‘Behold, three men seek thee” The Holy Spirit the Doer

Acts 10:38, “How God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Ghost and with power… .” Power from the Holy Spirit.

Acts 10:44, “as Peter spake these words, the Holy Ghost fell on them that heard the word.” Power from the Holy Spirit.

Acts 10:45, “….on the Gentiles also was poured out the gift of the Holy Ghost.” Power from the Holy Spirit.

Acts 10:47, “Can any man forbid water, that these should not be baptized which have received the Holy Ghost.. .” Power from the Holy Spirit.

Act 11:12, “And the Spirit bade me go with them… .” The Holy Spirit the Doer

Acts 11:15, “And as I began to speak the Holy Ghost fell on them… .” Power from the Holy Spirit.

Acts 11:16, “Then I remembered the word of the Lord, how that He said, ‘John indeed baptized with water; but ye shall be baptized with the Holy Ghost.” Power from the Holy Spirit.

Acts 11:24, “For he was a good man, full of the Holy Ghost and of faith.. .” Power from the Holy Spirit.

Acts 13:2, “As they ministered unto the Lord, the Holy Ghost said unto them, ‘separate unto Me Barnabus and Saul…. .” The Holy Spirit the Doer

Acts 13:4, “So they being sent forth by the Holy Ghost departed… .” The Holy Spirit the Doer

Acts 13:9, “Then Saul….filled with the Holy Ghost set his eyes on him and said…. .” Power from the Holy Spirit.

Acts 13:52, “And the disciples were filled with joy and with the Holy Ghost.” Power from the Holy Spirit.

Acts 15:8, “And God….bare them witness, giving them the Holy Ghost, even as He did unto us.” Power from the Holy Spirit.

Acts 15:28, “For it seemed good to the Holy Ghost… to lay upon you no greater burden… .” The Holy Spirit in one of the offices of Jehovah.

Acts 16:6-7, “….were forbidden of the Holy Ghost to preach the word in Asia, …they assayed to go unto Bithynia but the Spirit suffered them not.” The Holy Spirit the Doer

Acts 16:16, “…a certain damsel possed of a spirit of divinination…. .” Evil and unclean spirits.

Acts 16:18, “….But Paul being grieved said to the spirit… .” Evil and unclean spirits.

Acts 17:16, “…his spirit was stirred in him when he saw the city wholly given to idolatry.” The spirit that is the  psychological element of man.

Acts 18:5, “….Paul was pressed in the spirit and testified to the Jews… .” The spirit that is the  psychological element of man.

Acts 18:25, “…and being ferverent in the spirit he spake and taught…the things of the Lord…..” The spirit that is the  psychological element of man.

Acts 19:2, “And he said unto them, ‘Have ye received the Holy Ghost, since ye believed?’And they said unto him, ‘We have not so much as heard whether there be any Holy Ghost’. The Power from the Holy Spirit.

Acts 19:6, “And when Paul laid his hands upon them the Holy Ghost came on them.” Power from the Holy Spirit.

Acts 19:12, “…and the evil spirits went out of them.” Evil and unclean spirits.

Acts 19:15, “And the evil spirit answered and said…. .” Evil and unclean spirits.

Acts 19:16 , “And the man in whom the evil spirit was lept on them… .” Evil and unclean spirits.

Acts 19:21, “…Paul purposed in the spirit….to go to Jerusalem… .” The spirit that is the  psychological element of man.

Acts 20:22, “And now behold, I go bound in the spirit unto Jerusalem… .”  The spirit as a driving force.

Acts 20:23, “…the Holy Ghost witnesseth in every city that bonds and affliction abide me.” The Holy Spirit the Doer

Acts 20:28, “Take heed…..over the which the Holy Ghost hath made you overseers… .” The Holy Spirit in one of the offices of Jehovah.

Acts 21:4, “….And finding disciples….who said to Paul through the Spirit that he should not go up to Jerusalem.” The Holy Spirit in one of the offices of Jehovah.

Acts 21:11, “….Thus saith the Holy Ghost, ‘So shall the Jews at Jerusalem bind the man that owneth this girdle…”. The Holy Spirit in one of the offices of Jehovah.

Acts 23:8, “….there is no resurrection, neither angel nor spirit… .” Spirit beings.

Acts 23:9, “…but if a spirit or an angel hath spoken to him, let us not fight against God.” Spirit beings.

Romans 1:4,”And declared to be the Son of God with power, according to the spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from the dead.” The Holy Spirit as the Giver of the Word of God and prophecy.

Romans 1:9, “For God is my witness Whom I serve in my spirit… .”  The new nature.

Romans 2:11b, “..even so the things of God knoweth no man, but the Spirit of God.” The Holy Spirit in one of the offices of Jehovah.

Romans 2:29, “….circumcision is in the heart and in the spirit, and not in the letter….” The spirit that is the  psychological element of man.

Romans 5:5, “…because the love of God is shed abroad in our hearts by the Holy Ghost which is given unto us.” New nature.

Romans 15:13, “…that ye may abound in hope through the power of the Holy Ghost.”  Power from the Holy Spirit

Romans 15:19, “Through mighty signs and wonders, by the power of the Spirit of God… .” Power from the Holy Spirit

Romans 7:6, “….that we should serve in newness of spirit, not in the oldness of the letter.” Spirit as opposed to the letter of the law.

Romans 8:1, “There is therefore now no condemnation to them which are in Christ Jesus, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit.” New nature.

Romans 8:2, “For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus hath made me free from the law of sin and death.” New nature.

Romans 8:4, “That the righteousness of the law might be fulfilled in us who walk not after the flesh but after the spirit.” New nature.

Romans 8:5, “….but they that after the Spirit, the things of the Spirit.” New nature.

Romans 8:6, “…to be spiritually minded is life and peace.” New nature.

Romans 8:9-11, “But ye are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit, if the Spirit of God dwell in you. Now, if any man have not the Spirit of Christ, he is none of Him. ….but Spirit is life because of righteousness. But if the spirit of Him That raised up Jesus from the dead dwell in you, He That raised up Christ from the dead shall also quicken your mortal bodies by His spirit That dwelleth in you.” New nature.

Romans 8:13-14, “…but if ye through the Spirit mortify the deeds of the body, ye shall live. For as many as are led by the Spirit of God, they are the sons of God”. New nature.

Romans 8:15a, “for ye have not received the spirit of bondage again to fear.” The spirit that is the  psychological element of man.

Romans 8:15b, “but ye have received the Spirit of adoption, whereby we cry ‘Abba Father’. New nature.

Romans 8:15c, “The Spirit Itself (the Holy Spirit one of the offices of Jehovah) beareth witness with our spirit (new nature), that we are the children.”

Romans 8:22-23, “For we know that the whole creation groaneth and travaileth in pain together until now. and not only they, but ourselves also, which have the firstfruits of the Spirit, even we ourselves groan within ourselves waiting for the adoption to, the redemption of our body.” New nature.

Romans 8:26-27, “Likewise the Spirit also helpeth our infirmities: for we know not what we should pray for as we ought: but the Spirit Itself maketh intercession for us, ….. And He That searcheth the hearts knoweth what is the mind of the Spirit, because He makes intercession for the saints….. .” The Holy Spirit in one of the offices of Jehovah.

Romans 9:1, “…my conscience also bearing witness in the Holy Ghost… .”  New nature.

Romans 11:8, “As it is written, God hath given them the spirit of slumber.. .” The spirit that is the   psychological element of man.

Romans 12:11. “….fervent in spirit, serving the Lord.” The spirit that is the  psychological element of man.

Romans 14:17, “…for the kingdom of God is …..joy in the Holy Ghost.” The Holy Spirit in one of the offices of Jehovah.

Romans 15:13, “…that ye may abound in hope through the power of the Holy Ghost.” The Holy Spirit in one of the offices of Jehovah.

Romans 15:16, “…that the offering of the Gentiles might be acceptable, being sanctified by the Holy Ghost.” The Holy Spirit in one of the offices of Jehovah.

Romans 15:19, “Through mighty signs and wonders, by the power of the Spirit of God… .” The Holy Spirit in one of the offices of Jehovah.

Romans 15:30, “…for the love of the Spirit, that you strive together… .” The Holy Spirit in one of the offices of Jehovah.

I Cor. 2:4, “But my preaching was…….in demontration of the Spirit and of power.” Power from the Holy Spirit.

I Cor. 2:10, “But God hath revealed them unto us by His Spirit: for the Spirit searcheth all things, yea the deep things of God.” The Holy Spirit in one of the offices of Jehovah.

I Cor. 2:11a, “For what man knoweth the things of a man, save the spirit of man which is in him?” The spirit that is the psycholigical element of man.

I Cor. 2:11b, “even so the things of God knoweth no man, but the Spirit of God.” The Holy Spirit in one of the offices of Jehovah.

I Cor. 2:12, “Now we have received not the spirit of the world, but the spirit which is of God…. .” New nature.

I Cor. 2:13, “Which things also we speak, not in the words which man’s wisdom teacheth, but which the Holy Ghost teacheth comparing spiritual with spiritual”. The Holy Spirit as Teacher.

I Cor. 2:14, “But the natural man receiveth not the things of the Spirit of God; for they are foolishness unto him; neither can he know them, because they are spiritually discerned.” The Holy Spirit in on of the offices of Jehovah.

I Cor. 3:16, “Know ye not that ye are the Temple of God and that the spirit of God dwelleth in you?” New nature.

I Cor. 4:21, “…shall I come unto with a rod, or in love, and in the spirit of meekness?” The spirit that is the  psychological element of man.

I Cor. 5:3-5a, “For I verily am absent in body, but present in spirit, have judged already……and my spirit with the power of our Lord Jesus Christ, to deliver such an one unto Satan, for the destrructiom of the flesh… .” The spirit that is the  psychological element of man.

I Cor. 5:5b, “that the spirit may be saved in the day of the Lord Jesus.” “Spirit” used as a figure of speech for a person.

I Cor. 6:11, “…ye are sanctified, ye are justified in the name of the Lord Jesus and by the Spirit of our God.” Holy Spirit in one of the offices of Jehovah.

I Cor. 6:17, “But he that is joined unto the Lord is one spirit.” The spirit that is the  psychological element of man.

I Cor. 6:19, “What? know ye not that your body is the Temple of the Holy Ghost which is in you, which ye have of God, and ye are not your own. For ye are bought with a price; thererfore, glorify God in your body, and in your spirit which are God’s.” New nature.

I Cor. 6:20, “thererfore, glorify God in your body, and in your spirit which are God’s.” The spirit that is the  psychological element of man.

I Cor. 7:34, “….that she may be holy both in body and in spirit…. .” The spirit that is the  psychological element of man.

I Cor. 7:40, “….I think also that I have the Spirit of God.” The new nature.

I Cor. 12:3, “….no man speaking by the Spirit of God calleth Jesus accursed: and that no man can say that Jesus is the Lord, but by the Holy Ghost. New nature.

I Cor. 12:4, “Now there are diversities of gifts but the same Spirit.” The Holy Spirit in one of the offices of Jehovah.

I Cor. 12:7-11, “But the manifestaion of the Spirit is given to every man to profit withal. For to one is given by the Spirit the word of wisdom; to another the word of knowledge, by the same Spirit; to another faith, by the same Spirit; to another the gifts of healing, by the same Spirit.To another the working of miracles; to another prophecy; to another discerning of spirits (i.e. whether they be evil); to another diverse kinds of tongues; to another the interpretation of tongues; But all these worketh that one and the selfsame Spirit, dividing to every man severeally as He will.” The Holy Spirit in one of the offices of Jehovah.

I Cor. 12:13, “For by one Spirit are we all baptized into one body, whether we be Jews or Gentiles……and have been all made to drink into one Spirit.” The Holy Spirit in one of the offices of Jehovah.

I Cor. 14:2, ” He that speaketh in an unknown tongue speaketh not unto men but unto God……..howbeit, in the spirit he speaketh mysteries ” Power from the Holy Spirit.

I Cor. 14:12, “…ye are zealous of spiritual gifts… .” Power from the Holy Spirit.

I Cor. 14:14-16, “For if I speak in an unknown tongue, my spirit prayeth, but my understanding is unfruitful. What is it then? I will pray with the spirit, and I will pray with the understanding also, I will sing with the spirit, and I will sing with the understanding also.. Else when thou shalt bless with the spirit, how shall he that occupieth the room of the unlearned say , ‘Amen'”…. .” Power from the Holy Spirit.

I Cor. 14:32-33, “And the spirits of the prophets are subject to the prophets. For God is not the author of confusion… .” The spirit that is the  psychological element of man.

I Cor. 15:45, “…the last Man was made a quickening spirit.” The spirit that gives life.

I Cor. 16:18, “For they have refreshed my spirit, and yours… .” The spirit that is the  psychological element of man.

II Cor. 1:22, “Who hath also sealed us and given us the earnest of the Spirit in our hearts.” New nature

II Cor. 2:13, “I had no rest in my spirit because I found not Titus, my brother.” The spirit that is the  psychological element of man.

II Cor. 3:3, “Ye are …declared to be the epistles of Christ… written not with ink but with the Spirit of the living God… .”  Spirit as opposed to (in this case) ink.

II Cor. 3:6, “Who also hath made us able ministers of the new testament; not of the letter, but of the spirit, for the letter killeth, but the spirit giveth life.” Spirit as opposed to flesh or the letter of the law.

II Cor. 3:8-9, “How shall not ministration of the spirit be glorious? For if the ministration of condemnation be glory, much more doth the ministration of righteousness exceed in glory.” Spirit as opposed to flesh or the letter of the law.

II Cor. 3:16-18, “Nevertheless, when it (the heart of Israel) shall turn to the Lord, the vail shall be taken away. Now the Lord is that Spirit; and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is liberty. But ye all with open face beholding as in a glass the glory of the Lord, are changed into the same image from glory to glory, even as by the Spirit of the Lord.” The Holy Spirit in one of the offices of Jehovah.

II Cor. 4:13, “…we having the same spirit of faith… .” New nature.

II Cor. 5:5, “…Who also hath given unto us the earnest of the Spirit.” New nature

II Cor. 6:4-6, “But by all these things proving ourselves ministers of God…….by kindness, by the Holy Ghost, by love unfeigned.. .” New nature.

II Cor. 7:1, “…let us cleanse ourselves from all filthiness of the flesh and spirit… .” The spirit that is the  psychological  element of man.

II Cor. 7:13, “…his spirit was refreshid by you all.” The spirit that is the psychological element of man.

II Cor. 11:4, “For if he that cometh preacheth another Jesus whom we have not preached, or if ye receive another spirit which ye have not received… .” Another spirit.

II Cor. 12:18, “…walked we not in the same spirit? walked we not in the same steps?” The spirit that is the  psychological element of man.

II Cor. 13:14, “….the communion of the Holy Ghost be with you all.” Holy Spirit in one of the offices of Jehovah.

Gal. 3:2-3, “….Received ye the Spirit by the works of the law, or by the hearing of faith? New nature.

Gal. 3:3, “Are ye so foolish? having begun in the spirit, are ye now made perfect by the flesh?” New nature.

Gal. 3:5, “He therefore That ministereth to you the Spirit, and worketh miracles among you, doeth He it by the works of the law or by the hearing of faith?” Power from the Holy Spirit.

Gal. 3:14, “That the blessing of Abraham might come upon the Gentiles through Jesus Christ, that we might receive the promise of the Spirit through faith.” The Holy Spirit as the Giver of the Word of God and of prophecy.

Gal.4:6, “And because we are sons, God hath sent forth the Spirit of His Son into your hearts… .” New nature.

Gal. 4:29, “…he that was born after the flesh persecuted him that was born after the Spirit… .” Spirit as opposed to flesh.

Gal. 5:5, “For we through the Spirit hope for the hope of righteousness by faith.” New nature.

Gal. 5:16-18, “Walk in the spirit and ye shall not fulfill the lusts of the flesh. For the flesh lusteth against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh: and these are contrary the one to the other….But if ye be led by the Spirit you are not under the law.” New nature.

Gal. 5:22, “But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy peace… .” New nature.

Gal. 5:25, “If we live in the Spirit, let us also walk in the spirit.” New nature.

Gal. 6:1, “..If a man be taken in a fault, ye that are spiritual restore such an one in the spirit of meekness….. .” The spirit that is the  psychological element of man.

Gal. 6:8, “…he that soweth to the Spirit shall reap of the Spirit life everlasting.” New nature.

Gal. 6:18, “…the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with your spirit.” The spirit that is the  psychological element of man.

Eph. 1:13, “… Whom after that ye believed, ye were sealed with (should be “by”) that holy Spirit of promise.” Holy Spirit in one of the offices of Jehovah.

Eph. 1:17, …may give unto you the spirit of wisdom and revelation in the knowledge of Him.” The spirit that is the  psychological element of man.

Eph. 2:2, “….the spirit that now worketh in the children of disobedience.” The spirit that is the  psychological element of man.

Eph. 2:18, “For through Him we both have access by one Spirit unto the Father.” Holy Spirit in one of the offices of Jehovah.

Eph. 2:22, “In whom ye also are builded together for an habitation of God through the Spirit.” New nature

Eph. 3:5, “…as it is now revealed unto His holy apostles and prophets by the Spirit.” The Holy Spirit as the Giver of the Word of God.

Eph. 3:16, That He would grant you….to be strengthened with might by His Spirit in the inner man.” The Holy Spirit as one of the offices of Jehovah.

Eph. 4:3,”Endeavouring to keep the unity of the Spirit in the bond of peace.” The Holy Spirit in one of the offices of Jehovah.

Eph. 4:4, “There is one body and one Spirit… .” The Holy Spirit in one of the offices of Jehovah.

Eph. 4:23, “And be renewed in the spirit of your mind.” New man.

Eph. 4:30, “And grieve not the holy Spirit of God whereby ye are sealed unto the day of redemption.” The Holy Spirit in one of the offices of Jehovah.

Eph. 5:9, “For the fruit of the Spirit is in all goodness in righteousenes and truth.” New nature.

Eph. 5:18, “Be not drunk…be ye filled with (should be “by”) the Spirit.. .” The Holy Spirit in one of the offices of Jehovah.

Eph. 6:17, “And take the helmut of salvation and the sword of the Spirit which is the word of God”. The Holy Spirit as Giver of the Word of God.

Eph. 6:18, “praying always with all prayer and supplication in the Spirit….. .” New nature.

Phil.1:19, “For I know that this shall turn to my salvation through your prayer and the supply of the Spirit of Jesus Christ.” New nature.

Phil. 1:27, “stand fast with one spirit, with one mind striving together… .” The spirit that is the psychological element of man.

Phil. 2:1, “…if any fellowship of the Spirit… .” New nature.

Phil. 3:3, “For we are the circumcision which worship God in the spirit… .” New nature.

Col. 1:8, “Who also declared unto us your love in the spirit.” New nature.

Col. 2:5, “Though I am absent in the flesh I am with you in the spirit… .” The spirit that is the psychological  element of man.

I Thess. 1:5, “Our gospel came unto you ….in power and in the Holy Ghost… . The Holy Spirit in one of the offices of Jehovah.

I Thess. 1:6, “And ye became followers of us and of the Lord. having received the word….with joy of the Holy Ghost.” Holy Spirit in one of the offices of Jehovah.

I Thess. 4:8, “…God who has also given us His holy Spirit.” New nature.

I Thess. 5:19, “Quench not the Spirit.” New nature.

I Thess. 5:23, “…and I pray God your whole spirit and soul and body be preserved blameless… .” The spirit that is the  psychological element of man.

II Thes. 2:2, “That ye be not…. troubled, neither in spirit, nor by word, nor by letter as from us… .” The spirit that is the psychological element of man.

II Thess. 2:8, “And then shall that wicked be revealed whom the Lord shall consume with the spirit of His mouth… .” Holy Spirit the Doer

II Thess. 2:13, “God hath from the beginning chosen you to salvation through sanctification of the Spirit and belief of the truth.” Holy Spirit in one of the offices of Jehovah.

I Tim.. 3:16, “…God was manifest in the flesh , justified in the Spirit. seen of angels.. .” The spirit that is the  psychological element of man.

I Tim.4:1a, “Now the Spirit speaketh expressly… .” The Holy Spirit as the Giver of the Word of God and of prophecy.

I Tim. 4:1b, “Some shall depart from the faith, giving heed to seducing spirits and doctrines of devils.” Evil and unclean spirits.

I Tim. 4:12, “…be thou an example …in word, in coversation, in charity, in spirit….. .” The spirit that is the  psychological element of man.

II Tim. 1:7, “For God has not given us the spirit of fear, but of power, of love… .” The spirit that is the  psychological element of man.

II Tim. 1:14, “that good thing which was committed unto thee, keep by the Holy Ghost which dwelleth in us.” Holy Spirit in one of the offices of Jehovah.

II Tim. 4:22, “The Lord Jesus Christ be with thy spirit.” The spirit that is the  psychological element of man.

Titus 3:5, “…according to His mercy He saves us by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost.” Holy Spirit in one of the offices of Jehovah.

Philemon 25, “The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with your spirit.” The spirit that is the  psychological element of man.

Heb. 1:7, “…Who maketh His angels spirits and his ministers a flame of fire.” Spirit beings.

Heb.1:14, Are they not all ministering spirits (angels, vs 13) sent forth to minister to them who shall be heirs of salvation?” Spirit beings.

Heb. 2:4, “God also bearing witness, both with signs and wonders, and with divers miracles, and gifts of the Holy Ghost according to His own will.” Holy Spirit in one of the offices of Jehovah.

Heb. 3:7, Wherefore, as the Holy Ghost saith, ‘To day, if you will hear His voice.” The Holy Spirit as the Giver of the Word of God and of prophecy.

Heb. 4:12, “For the word of God is a two edged sword….piercing even to the dividing asumder of soul and spirit…. .” The spirit that is the  psychological element of man.

Heb. 6:4, “…and were made partakers of the Holy Ghost… .” Power from the Holy Spirit.

Heb. 9:8, “The Holy Ghost this signifying that the way into the holiest of all was not yet made manifest… .” The Holy Spirit as the Giver of the Word of God and of prophecy.

Heb. 9:14, “How much more shall the blood of Christ, Who through the eternal Spirit, offered Himself without spot to God….. .” The Holy Spirit in one of the offices of Jehovah.

Heb. 10:15, “…the Holy Ghost also is a witness to us for after that He had said before… .” The Holy Spirit as the Giver of the Word of God and of prophecy.

Heb. 10:29, “….and hath done despite unto the Spirit of grace.” The Holy Spirit in one of the offices of Jehovah.

Heb. 12:9, “….shall we not much rather be in subjection unto the Father of spirits… .” Spirit beings.

Heb. 12:23, “…to the spirits of just men made perfect.. .” The spirit that is the  psychological element of man.

James 2:26, “…for as the body without the spirit is dead … .” The spirit that gives life.

James 4:5, “…the spirit that dwelleth in us lusteth to envy.. .” The spirit that is the  psychological element of man.

I Peter 1:2, “….through the sanctification of the Spirit unto obedience… .” The Holy Spirit is one of the offices of Jehovah.

I Peter 1:10-11, “Of which salvation the prophets have enquired and searech diligently, who prophesied of the grace that should come umto you. Searching what or what manner of time the Spirit of Christ which was in them did signify when it testified beforehand the sufferings of Christ, and the glory that should follow”. The Holy Spirit as the Giver of the Word of God and of prophecy.

I Peter 1:12, “Unto whom, it was revealed that not unto themselves but unto us, they did minister the things which are now reported unto you by them that have preached the gospel unto you with the Holy Ghost sent down from heaven… .” Power from the Holy Spirit.

I Peter 1:22, “Seeing ye have purified your souls in obeying the truth through the Spirit… .” New nature.

I Peter 3:4, “…the ornament of a meek and quiet spirit… .” The spirit that is the   psychological element of man.

I Peter 3:18, “….put to death in the flesh, but quickened by the Spirit.” Holy Spirit the Doer.

I Peter 3:19, “By which also He went and preached unto the spirits in prison.” Evil and unclean spirits.

I Peter 4:6, “….that they might be judged according to men in the flesh, but live according to God in the spirit.” New nature.

I Peter 4:14, “….for the spirit of glory and of God resteth upon you… .” New nature.

II Peter 1:21, “…holy men of God spake as they were moved by the Holy Ghost.” The Holy Spirit as the Giver of the Word of God and of prophecy.

I Jn. 3:24, “….hereby we know that that He abideth in us, by the Spirit which He hath given us.” New nature.

I Jn. 4:1, “Beloved, believe not every spirit, but try the spirits whether they are of God… .”Spirit as opposed to flesh.

I Jn. 4:2, “Hereby know ye the Spirit of God: every spirit that confesseth that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh is of God.” Spirit as opposed to flesh.

I Jn. 4:3a, “And every spirit that confesseth not that Jesus Christ is come is not of God…. .” Spirit as opposed to flesh.

I Jn. 4:3b, “and this is that spirit of antichrist….. .”

I Jn. 4:6, “….Hereby know we the spirit of truth and the spirit of error… .” The spirit that is the psychological element of man.

I Jn. 4:13, “Hereby know we that we dwell in Him, and He in us, because He hath given us of His Spirit.”  The office of Holy Spirit.

I Jn. 5:6, “….And it is the Spirit that bear witness because the Spirit is truth.” The Holy Spirit as Teacher/Comforter

I Jn.5:7-8, “For there are three that bear record in heaven (the Father, the Son and the Holy Ghost; and these three are one. And there are three that bear witness in earth ), the Spirit and the water and the blood, these three agree in one.” The phrase “the Father, the Son and the Holy Ghost; and these three are one. And there are three that bear witness in earth” does not appear in the older manuscripts.) The Holy Spirit in one of the offices of Jehovah.

Jude 19-20, “These be they who separate themselves, sensual, having not the Spirit. But ye beloved, building up yourselves on your most holy faith, praying in the Holy Ghost.” New nature

Rev. 1:4, “….from the seven spirits before His throne.” (See 5:6 for an explanation of the Seven Spirits of God.) Spirit beings.

Rev. 1:10, “I was in the Spirit on the Lord’s day… .” Holy Spirit as Doer.

Rev. 2:7, “….hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches… .” (See also verse 11, 17, 29, 3:13 and 3:19.) The Holy Spirit as the Giver of the Word of God.

Rev. 3:1, “….these things saith he that hath the seven Spirits of God… .” Spirit beings.

Rev. 3:6, “He that hath the seven Spirits of God… .” Spirit beings.

Rev. 4:2, “…I was in the spirit…. .” Holy Spirit as Doer.

Rev. 4:5, …and there were seven lamps of fire burning before the throne, which are the seven Spirits of God… .” Spirit beings.

Rev. 5:6, “….the Lamb as it has been slain, having seven horns and seven eyes, which are the seven Spirits of God sent forth inot all the earth.” Spirit beings.

Rev. 11:11, “And after three days and an half the Spirit of life from God entered into them and they stood upon their feet… .” The spirit that gives life.

Rev. 13:15, “And he had power to give life unto the image that the image should both speak …. .” The spirit that gives life.

Rev. 14:13, “And I heard a voice from heaven saying unto me, ‘Write, ‘Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord from henceforth. Yea, saith the Spirit, that they may rest from their labours… .” Holy Spirit Giver of the Word and prophecy.

Rev. 16:13-14, And I saw three unclean spirits ……for they are the spirits of devils working miracles which go forth unto the kings of the earth… .” Evil and unclean spirits.

Rev. 17:3, “So he carried me away in the Spirit… .” Holy Spirit as Doer.

Rev. 18:2, “….Babylon….has fallen….and is become the habitation of devils and the hold of every foul spirit….. .” Evil and unclean spirits.

Rev. 19:10, “….worship God; for the testimony of Jesus is the spirit of prophecy.. .” Driving Force

Rev. 21:10, “And he carried me away in the Spirit… .” Holy Spirit as Doer.

Rev. 22:17, “And the Spirit and the bride say, ‘Come’…and let him that is athirst come… .” The Holy Spirit in one of the offices of Jehovah.

This paper was written by Joyce Pollard.  If you would like to respond please e-mail me at:   janjoyce@aol.com

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