WHY WAS JESUS CHRIST BAPTIZED?
We read in Acts 2:38, “Then Peter said unto them, ‘Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins…….”. In other words, the reason for baptism was for the remission of sins. But Christ was not baptized for the remission of sins because He was sinless as it is written, “Who did no sin, neither was guile found in His mouth” (I Peter 2:22). So why was Jesus baptized? We will look at the following topics in our search for the answer to that question.
THE REASON GIVEN IN SCRIPTURE FOR THE BAPTISM OF CHRIST
THE FULFILLMENT OF ALL RIGHTEOUSNESS
THE CONSIDERATION OF OTHER REASONS GIVEN FOR CHRIST’S BAPTISM
THE REASON GIVEN IN SCRIPTURE FOR THE BAPTISM OF CHRIST
Scripture gives us one reason for the baptism of Jesus. That reason is found in Matt. 3:14-15, “But John forbade Him saying, ‘I have need to be baptized of Thee, and comest Thou to me?’ And Jesus answering said unto him, ‘Suffer it to be so now, for thus it becometh us to fulfill all righteousness‘”. So the reason for the baptism of Jesus Christ was to “fulfill all righteousness”.
THE FULFILLMENT OF ALL RIGHTEOUSNESS
What does it mean to “fulfill all righteousness”? I believe it means to do everything in accordance with what is right. By determining what was accomplished by the events immediately after the baptism, we may know what righteousness was fulfilled. Those events that occurred after the baptism were: 1) the dove, as the symbol of the Holy Spirit, rested on Christ, and 2) the voice from heaven declared that Christ was the beloved Son in Whom the Father was well pleased.
We read in Matt. 3:16, “And Jesus, when He was baptized went up straightway out of the water: and lo, the heavens were opened unto Him, and He saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove and lighting upon Him“. It was this lighting on Christ that told John the Baptist that Christ was the One about Whom John had been preaching. Jn. 1:33, “I knew Him not; but He that sent me to baptize with water, the same said unto me, ‘Upon Whom thou shalt see the Spirit descending and remaining on Him, the same is He Which baptizeth with the holy ghost”. So one of the things accomplished by the dove lighting on Christ was to show John the Baptist that Christ was the One Who would baptize with the holy ghost.
As we read in verses 36-37, John, after being convinced that Christ was the One about Whom he had been preaching, spread that good news to his disciples, “And looking upon Jesus as He walked, he saith, ‘Behold the Lamb of God’. and the two disciples (John’s disciples) heard him speak, and they followed Jesus”. And in verses 40-41 we read that one of those two disciples in turn spread the news, “One of the two which heard John speak, and followed Him was Andrew, Simon Peter’s brother. He first findeth his own brother Simon, and saith unto him ‘We have found the Messias, …..and he brought him to Jesus”.
It has often been said that one of the reasons for the baptism of Christ was to manifest Himself to Israel. This is based on Jn. 1:31 which reads, “And I knew Him not: but that He should be made manifest to Israel, therefore am I come baptizing with water”. The phrase “I come baptizing” tells us that this was not the one time event of the baptism of Christ, it was the on-going baptisms of repenting Israelites. In other words, it was not to Israel that Christ was made manifest at His baptism, it was to John the Baptist. But it was through John the Baptist that Christ would be manifest to Israel. In fact we are told that one of the reasons Jesus was baptized was to make Himself known to John the Baptist. “And I (John the Baptist) knew Him not; but He That sent me to baptize with water, the same said unto me, ‘Upon whom thou shalt see the Spirit descending, and remaining on Him, the same is He which baptizeth with the Holy Ghost” (Jn. 1:33). So the dove remaining on Christ manifested Christ as the One Who would baptize with the holy ghost to John the baptist, and by extension to Israel.
Another thing that was fulfilled by the Spirit of God lighting on Christ which may be included in the term “fulfilling all righteousness” was the fulfillment of Messianic prophecy. Let me quote Matt. 3:16 once again , “”And Jesus, when He was baptized went up straightway out of the water: and lo, the heavens were opened unto Him, and He saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove and lighting upon Him“. This takes us to two Messianic prophecies, i.e. Is. 11:1-3, “and there shall come forth a rod out of the stem of Jesse, and a Branch shall grow out of his roots; And the spirit of the Lord shall rest upon Him, the spirit of wisdom and understanding, the spirit of counsel and might, the spirit of knowledge and of the fear of the Lord; and shall make Him of quick understanding in the fear of the Lord”. And Is. 42:1 is another prophecy fulfilled by the Spirit resting on Christ. “Behold My Servant, whom I uphold, Mine elect, in Whom My soul delighteth; I have put My spirit upon Him.….” We may conclude that the Spirit of God lighting on Christ was the fulfillment of the prophecies of Is. 11:1-4 and Is. 42:1. So the second thing accomplished by the events of the baptism of Christ which we may include in the fulfilling of all righteousness was the fulfillment of the Messianic prophecies of Is. 11 and 42, which, of course, manifested Christ as the Messiah.
We read of another very important event in the baptism of Christ in Matt. 3:17. “And lo a voice from heaven saying, ‘This is My beloved Son, in Whom I am well pleased'”. This pronouncement did two things: 1) it declared Jesus Christ to be the beloved Son of God, and 2) it declared Him the King for Whom Israel had waited for centuries. The first thing the pronouncement did is obvious and needs no further explanation. But let us look at the second, i.e. it declared Christ to be King of Israel.
We read of a shortened version of the phrase “My beloved Son” in Ps. 2:7, “I will declare the decree; The Lord hath said unto Me, ‘Thou art My Son; this day have I begotten Thee”. Verses 8-9 go on to tell of the Son as King in the millennial reign, “Ask of Me and I shall give Thee the heathen for Thine inheritance. And the uttermost parts of the earth for Thy possession”. So the third thing that fulfilled all righteousness was accomplished by the voice from heaven was to make it known that Christ was the Son of God. And the fourth was that Christ was the promised King of Israel.
We may conclude therefore, that there were four things that were accomplished by the events of the baptism of Christ which we may, in my opinion, consider the fulfilling of all righteousness. 1) The lighting of the Spirit of God on Christ made Him known to John the Baptist and by extension, to Israel. 2) That same event fulfilled the Messianic prophecies of Is. 11:1-3 and Is. 42:1, 3) the voice from heaven showed that Christ was the beloved Son of God, and 4) it also showed that this One Who had been baptized was the promised King of Israel.
A CONSIDERATION OF OTHER REASONS GIVEN FOR CHRIST’S BAPTISM
It has been suggested that one of the reasons for Christ’s baptism was to be an example to Israel. I must disagree. Why? Because it was the sinful who needed to be baptized. Baptism was a symbol of, among other things, the washing away of sins. But Jesus Christ was sinless and therefore was in absolutely no need to have sins washed away. In regard to baptism, the sinless Christ can not be an example to sinful man.
Another reason given by some for the baptism of Christ is to fulfill the ritual of becoming a priest. We read in Ex. 29:4, “And Aaron and his sons thou shalt bring unto the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, and shalt wash them with water“. And we read in Ex. 40:13, And thou shalt put upon Aaron the holy garments, and anoint him, and sanctify him; that he may minister unto Me in the priest’s office”. The reason I do not believe that Christ’s baptism was to fulfill the requirements of priesthood was because Christ was not a Priest after the order of Aaron, He was a Priest after the order of Melchisedec. (“Thou art a Priest for ever after the order of Melchisedec“, Heb. 7:1). That is to say, that because Christ was not a Priest after the order of Aaron, there was no need to fulfill the rituals of that order.
Let us consider one more reason that Christ would not have needed to fulfill the ritual of the Levitical priesthood. Heb. 7:26-28 explains that Christ did not need to offer sacrifices daily as did the priests of the tribe of Levi. “For such an High Priest became us, who is holy, harmless, undefiled, separate from sinners, and made higher than the heavens; who needeth not daily, as those high priests, to offer up sacrifice, first for His own sins, and then for the people’s: for this He did once when He offered up Himself. for the law maketh men high priests which have infirmity; but the word of the oath which was since the law, maketh the Son who is consecrated for evermore”. In other words, the priests of the Levitical priesthood needed to offer sacrifices for their own sins before they could offer sacrifices for the sins of the Israelites. But Christ, being sinless, did not need to offer daily sacrifices.
And we read in Heb. 7:12, “For the priesthood being changed, there is made of necessity a change also of the law”. I believe we must add the ellipsis “concerning the priesthood” as the law was changed only in regard to the priesthood. So that verse with the ellipsis would read, “For the priesthood being changed, there is made of necessity a change also of the law concerning the priesthood”.
My point is this: the law concerning the daily sacrifices was changed because Christ did not need to offer daily sacrifices as did the sinful men of the Levitical priesthood. The ceremonial washing required of the Levitical priest was also necessary because of their sinful nature. But Christ did not have a sinful nature, neither did He sin. Therefore Christ would not have needed to be washed of sin, ceremonially or otherwise. Therefore, I believe that Christ’s baptism. was not a fulfillment of the requirement of the Levitical priesthood.
Another reason given for the baptism of Christ was that His baptism identified Him with Israel. The reason I don’t agree with that is because we are told in Heb. 2:14 that He was identified with all men by taking on the form of man, not by His baptism. “Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, He also Himself likewise took part of the same; that through death He might destroy him that had the power of death…”.
Scripture gives us a very specific reason for the baptism of Jesus Christ. i.e. “to fulfill all righteousness”. What was accomplished by the events of the baptism tell us what righteousness Christ fulfilled at His baptism. 1) He was made known to John the Baptist and by extension to Israel. 2) He fulfilled the Messianic prophecies which spoke of Him receiving the Spirit of God, 3) the pronouncement of Him being God’s beloved Son proved that He was just that, and 4) it pronounced Christ as King of Israel.
It might be helpful to list what was accomplished by the events after the baptism which fulfilled all righteousness.
1) To manifest Himself to John the Baptist, and by extension to Israel.
2) He was manifested as the Messiah Who would have the Spirit of the Lord rest on Him,
3) He was Pronounced as the Son of God, and
4) Pronounced as the King of Israel in the millennial reign.
This paper was written by Joyce Pollard. If you would like to respond to this paper please e-mail me at email@example.com